Advertisement

Repression, Propaganda, and Digital Resistance: New Media and Democracy in Zimbabwe

  • Last Moyo
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in International Political Communication book series (PIPC)

Abstract

Zimbabwe has been in a state of acute political and economic crisis since 2000. Although the causes of the crisis are multifaceted, the predominant view is that there is a breakdown in the rule of law and observance of human rights by the state that is faced with overwhelming pressure from civil society, opposition parties, and the news media to embrace democratic reforms (Ranger 2005; Zaffiro 2002; Phimister and Raftopoulos 2004). The state and its critics have fought their information and ideological battles not only through the old analogue or traditional media of radio, TV, and newspapers, but also the new digital media, such as the Internet. The focus of this chapter is on the role played by the Internet in democracy in Zimbabwe. It begins by tracing the development of the Internet and the emergence of various forms of digital interaction and information sharing occasioned by the new medium in Zimbabwe. Next, the Web sites of Newsnet, Kubatana, and New Zimbabwe.com are analyzed in terms of their content and form. Newsnet is the subsidiary of the national public broadcaster, the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings (ZBH). Its major task is to provide news and current affairs programming to ZBH radio, TV, and online services. Kubatana is a civic organization involved in cyber activism to highlight democracy and human rights issues in the country.

Keywords

Civil Society Public Sphere Opposition Parti Critical Discourse Analysis Binary Opposition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allan, S. 2004. News culture. London: Open University.Google Scholar
  2. Anheier, H., Glasius, M., and Kaldor, M. eds. 2001. Global Civil Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Barker, C. 2000. Cultural Studies: Theory and Practice. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Fairclough, N. 1995. Media Discourse. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
  5. Barker, C. 2001. Analyzing Discourse. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Fraser, N. 1992. “Rethinking the Public Sphere.” In Habermas and the Public Sphere, ed. C. Calhoun. London: MIT.Google Scholar
  7. Fulton, H., Huisman, R., Murphet, J., and Dunn, A. eds. 2006. Narrative and Media. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jackson, P. 2004. “E-mail Controls Loom in Zimbabwe.” BBC News, May 31, 2004.Google Scholar
  9. Jensen, M. 2002. The African Internet: A Status Report. African Internet Connectivity, September. http://www3.sn.apc.org/africa.
  10. Jensen, M.. 2004. “The Rise of The Telecenters and Cyber Cafés in Africa.” Acacia Initiative 9 September 2004. http://www.acacia.org.za/jensen_articles.html.
  11. Koch, T. 1990. The News As Myth: Fact and Context in Journalism. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  12. Lister, M., Dovey, J., Giddings, S., Grant, I., and Kelly, K. eds. 2003. New Media: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Lowrey, W. 2006. “Mapping the Journalism-Blogging Relationship.” Journalism 7 (4): 477–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mano, W. and Willems, W. (2008), ‘Emerging communities, emerging media: the case of a Zimbabwean nurse in the British Big Brother show’, Critical Arts, 22 (1): 101–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mazango, E. 1998. Telecommunications Sector Reform: Liberalization and Universal Service Policy in Zimbabwe. Diss., University of Oslo. [Unpublished]Google Scholar
  16. McQuail, D. 2005. Mass Communication Theory, 5th ed. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Mercer, C. 2004. “Engineering Civil Society: ICT in Tanzania.” Review of African Political Economy 99: 49–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moyo, J. 2007. “Price War: Zanu PF Comes to the End of the Road.” Zimbabwe Independent Newspaper, July 6, 2007. http://www.theindependent.co.zw.
  19. Pauwels, L. 2005. “Websites as Visual and Multimodal Cultural Expressions: Opportunities and Issues of Online Hybrid Media Research.” Media, Culture and Society 27 (4): 604–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Phimister, I. and Raftopoulos, B. 2004. “Mugabe, Mbeki and the Politics of Anti-Imperialism.” Review of African Political Economy 101: 385–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Preston, P. 2001. Reshaping Communications: Technology, Information, and Social Change, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  22. Price, M. 1995. Television, the Public Sphere and National Identity, Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  23. Ranger, T. 2005. “The Rise of Patriotic Journalism in Zimbabwe and its Possible Implications.” Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture 2 (1): 8–17.Google Scholar
  24. Sachikonye, L. M. 2003. “From Growth with Equity to Fast Track Reform: Zimbabwe’s Land Question.” Review of African Political Economy 96: 227–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wodak, R. and M. Meyer. 2004. Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Zaffiro, J. 2002. Media and Democracy in Africa: Zimbabwe, 1931–2002. Colorado Springs: International Academic Publishers Ltd.Google Scholar

Selected Web Sites

  1. AISI, http://www.uneca.org/aisi.Google Scholar
  2. Balancing Act News Update, http://www.balancingact-africa.com.Google Scholar
  3. Econet Wireless, Zimbabwe, http://www.econet.co.zw.Google Scholar
  4. Economic Commission for Africa, http://www.uneca.org.Google Scholar
  5. Miniwatts Marketing Group, Internet World Statistics, http://www.internetworldstats.com.Google Scholar
  6. International Telecommunications Union http://www.itu.int/home/index.html.Google Scholar
  7. Telecel Zimbabwe http://www.telecel.co.zw.Google Scholar
  8. Tel One http://www.telone.co.zw.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Okoth Fred Mudhai, Wisdom J. Tettey, and Fackson Banda 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Last Moyo

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations