Advertisement

The Age of Discovery and the Emergence of the Atlantic World

  • James A. Noel
Chapter
Part of the Black Religion/Womanist Thought/Social Justice book series (BRWT)

Abstract

In this chapter, I will be constructing a framework for viewing the simultaneity of: (1) Roman Catholic Reform, the Protestant Reformation, and the Counter Reformation in Europe; (2) European global expansion through the Atlantic Ocean; (3) decimation and colonization of indigenous Americans; and (4) the enslavement of African during the “long sixteenth century.” This, I assert, is the preferred site for studying religion in the modern period as distinct from more typical approaches to the subject that treat these occurrences sequentially and independently. In so doing the false impression is conveyed that these historical happenings are incidental to one another with the consequent incomprehension of how modernity is comprised of their simultaneous interactions

Keywords

Sixteenth Century Modern Period Slave Trade Atlantic World Slave Ship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Charles H. Long, “Indigenous People, Materialities, and Religion: Outline for a New Orientation to Religious Meaning,” in Religion and Global Culture: New Terrain in the Study of Religion and the Work of Charles H. Long, ed. Jennifer I. M. Reid (New York: Lexington Books, 2003), p. 177.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. A. Baly, The Birth of the Modern World, 1780–1914 (London: Blackwell, 2004), pp. 62–63.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eric Williams, From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean (New York: Vintage Books, 1970), p. 78.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. H. Elliott, Imperial Spain: 1469–1716 (New York: Penguin Books, 1963), pp. 101–102.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Nicholas Canny, The Origins of Empire: British Overseas Enterprise to the Close of the Seventeenth Century (Oxford: Oxford Press, 1998), p. 20.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Colin Kidd, The Forging of Races: Race and Scripture in the Protestant Atlantic World, 1600–2000 (London: Cambridge Press, 2006), p. 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 10.
    Joseph Fontana, The Distorted Past: A Reinterpretation of Europe (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995) pp. 113–14Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Edward Reynolds, Stand the Storm: A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1985), p. 59.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    Eric R. Wolf, Europe and the People without History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982), p. 134.Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    David Armitage, The Ideological Origins of the British Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), p. 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 15.
    J. H. Elliott, Empires of the Atlantic world: Britain and Spain in America 1492–1830 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006), p. 184.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    See Gordon Connell-Smith, Forerunners of Drake (London: Longmans, green, 1954).Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    W. Elliot Brownlee, Dynamics of Ascent: A History of the American Economy (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974), p. 12.Google Scholar
  14. 18.
    Jane H. Ohlmeyer, “ ‘Civilizing of Those Rude Partes’: Colonization within Britain and Ireland, 1580s–1640s,” in The Origins of Empire, ed. Nicholas Canny (Oxford: Oxford Press, 1998), p. 146.Google Scholar
  15. 19.
    Hilary McD. Beckles, “The ‘Hub of Empire’: The Caribbean and Britain in the seventeenth century,” in The Origins of Empire, ed. Nicholas Canny (Oxford: Oxford Press, 1998), p. 239.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    W. E. B. Du Bois, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade, 1638–1870 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1896/1969), p. 4.Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    C. J. Abbey and J. H. Overton, The English Church in the Eighteenth Century (London, 1898), II, p. 107Google Scholar
  18. 26.
    Sydney E. Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People (New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1972), p. 191.Google Scholar
  19. 27.
    Cotton Mather, “The Negro Christianized” (1706) quoted in The Arrogance of Faith: Christianity and Race in America from the Colonial Era to the Twentieth century, ed. Forrest G. Wood (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990), pp. 117–118.Google Scholar
  20. 28.
    See Andrew F. Murray, Presbyterians and the Negro (Philadelphia: Presbyterian Historical Society, 1966).Google Scholar
  21. 32.
    J. Vansina, “The Kongo Kingdom and Its Neighbors,” in General History of Africa, vol. V. Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century, ed. B. A. Ogot (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992), p. 573.Google Scholar
  22. 33.
    Michel Beaud, A History of Capitalism: 1500–2000 (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2001), pp. 44–45.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© James A. Noel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Noel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations