Personnel Is Policy: George W. Bush’s Managerial Presidency
No accounting of George W. Bush’s administrative strategy is complete without an understanding of his personnel strategy. Primary among the president’s executive powers is the ability to nominate the principal officers of government. These nominations are subject to confirmation by the Senate. The president also has the power to fill lower level offices and positions without confirmation subject to the guidelines provided by law. While not completely controllable, appointees do push the president’s policy vision through hiring decisions, budgeting and spending, and formal rulemaking processes. They interpret the vague and sometimes conflicting laws enacted by Congress. They also monitor bureaucratic activity and communicate the president’s vision to the press and agency employees, clients, and stakeholders. Appointees have important influence over public policies as varied as postwar Iraq reconstruction to the cost estimates of government-funded prescription drug benefits to environmental regulation.1
KeywordsCivil Service Homeland Security Bush Administration Central Intelligence Agency Conservative Agency
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