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Political Legacies

  • Jane S. Jensen
Chapter

Abstract

After women acquired the right to vote and seek public office, the first to enter the political arena were not those who had played key roles in the struggles as they had become disillusioned because of the modest gains made by women.1 Instead, widows and daughters of prominent politicians were the first to take advantage of the newly acquired rights. For example, one-third of the women who entered the U.S. Congress between 1916 and 1963 were widows of politicians.2 Of the 26 women to win a parliamentary election in Ireland before 1981, 13 were widows of male members of parliament or male members of the independence struggle, 4 were daughters, 3 were sisters, and 1 was a granddaughter.3 In Sri Lanka, of the 17 women elected to the parliament between 1947 and 1977, more than one-half were elected as a replacement for a husband or father 4

Keywords

Prime Minister Vice President Political Arena Male Member Parliamentary Election 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    E.E. Werner, “Women in Congress: 1917–1964,” Western Political Quarterly, 19 (Mar. 1966), p. 20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    Michael Gallagher, “166 Who Rule? The Dail Deputies of November 1982,” Economic and Social Review, 15 (July 1984), p. 253.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
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  4. 7.
    Manik de Silva, “A Birthday Bandwagon,” Far Eastern Economic Review, 116 (Apr. 30, 1982), p. 34.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
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    Nayentra Sahgal, Indira Gandhi’s Emergence and Style (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1978), p. 6.Google Scholar
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    Quoted in Nayana Currimbhoy, Indira Gandhi (NY: Franklin Watts, 1985), p. 59.Google Scholar
  16. 32.
    Rafiq Zakaria, Women and Politics in Islam (NY: New Horizons Press, 1989), p. 7. See also Polly Toynbee, “Bhutto Group,” Guardian (Manchester, UK), June 20, 1983, p. 10.Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Benazir Bhutto, Daughter of Destiny (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1989), p. 81.Google Scholar
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    Deidre Sheehan, “Ready to Rule,” Far Eastern Economic Review, 163 (Nov. 9, 2000), p. 24.Google Scholar
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    For further discussion of this reasoning, see Mary Fainsod Katzenstein, “Women and Politics in India,” Asian Survey, 18 (May 1978), p. 481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See Linda K. Richter, “Exploring Theories of Female Leadership in South and Southeast Asia,” Pacific Affairs, 63 (Winter 1990–1991), p. 524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  23. 46.
    For a similar interpretation of Bandaranaike’s assumption of a political role after the assassination of her husband, see Krishna Prasanna Mukerji, Madame Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Colombo: M.D. Gunasenu & Co., 1960).Google Scholar

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© Jane S. Jensen 2008

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  • Jane S. Jensen

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