Advertisement

Abstract

For more than a thousand years, Wales has been contested territory, and that contestation has been furthered and promoted as much by writers and scholars as by sovereigns and warlords. Throughout the medieval period, Wales suffered as the physical battleground for armies of opposing interests; but the textual battles to establish claims of justification and entitlement were no less important and scarcely less fierce. It is almost certainly the case that the importance in the subjugation of Wales of the role played by the colonizing history constructed by Bede exceeds even that of Edward I. The purpose of this volume is to draw back to prominence the role of English textual culture in inspiring and rationalizing these early campaigns in English Imperialism, and to set it alongside the complex and conflicted responses to that onslaught formulated in the Welsh literature of medieval Wales.

Keywords

Medieval Period Literary Culture Grave Problem Postcolonial Theory Welsh Lyric 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Gwyn A. Williams, When Was Wales? (London: Penguin, 1991), 304.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gillingham quotes with approval the judgment of Corrigan and Sayer: “Corrigan and Sayer suggest, surely rightly, that for the English to construe the brutality of conquest and/or the rapacity of commerce as a ‘civilizing mission,” ‘took a national culture of extraordinary self-confidence and moral rectitude’”; P. Corrigan and D. Sayer, The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985), quoted in John Gillingham, The English in the Twelfth Century (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell and Brewer, 2000), 3.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Walter Map, De Nugis Curialium (CourtiersTrifles), ed. M. R. James, rev. C. N. L. Brooke and R. A. B. Mynors (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Giraldi Cambrensis, Itinerarium Kambriae and Descriptio Kambriae, ed. James F. Dimock, in Giraldi Cambrensis: Opera, ed. J. S. Brewer, J. F. Dimock, and G. F. Warner, 8 vols., RS 21 (London, 1861–91), 6: 3–227.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    William of Newburgh, Historia rerum Anglicarum, the History of English Affairs, Book 1, ed. with trans. and commentary by P. G. Walsh and M. J. Kennedy (Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1988), 30–31.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    R. R. Davies, Historical Perception: Celts and Saxons (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1979), 24.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Norman Davies has attempted to formulate a style of writing British history in which the experiences of all the inhabitants of the “British” Isles are accorded equal status; Norman Davies, The Isles: A History (London: Macmillan, 1999).Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    R. S. Thomas, “Welsh Landscape,” in R. S. Thomas, Collected Poems, 1945–1990 (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1993), 37.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    R. R. Davies, Domination and Conquest: The Experience of Ireland, Scotland and Wales 1100–1300, Wiles Lectures 1988 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), 3.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    English Historical Documents Volume III, ed. Harry Rothwell (London: Routledge, 1996), 422.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    See further in chapter 2.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    S. F. C. Milsom, Historical Foundations of the Common Law (London: Butterworths, 1981).Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    Daniel Huws, Medieval Welsh Manuscripts (Cardiff: National Library of Wales and University of Wales Press, 2000), 3.Google Scholar
  14. 16.
    The one other possible surviving Welsh book of this kind is the manuscript known as the Hereford Gospels: Hereford Cathedral MS P. i. 2—though Mercia has been offered as an alternative place of composition. The Lichfield Gospels offer a biblical text that has a very high number of divergences from the Vulgate, and a significant proportion of these divergences are found also in the Hereford Gospels, whereas the number of these divergences found in the Lindisfarne Gospels is very low.Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    Patrick J. Geary, The Myth of Nations (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002), 37.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983), 121.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ruth Kennedy and Simon Meecham-Jones 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Meecham-Jones

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations