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The Moro Affair: Interpretations and Consequences

  • Tobias Abse
Chapter
  • 146 Downloads
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Abstract

Aldo Moro, the President of the Christian Democratic Party (DC) and a former Prime Minister, was kidnapped by an armed gang on March 16, 1978, on the very morning when he was due to attend the parliamentary installation of a new Christian Democrat government, to be led by Giulio Andreotti and supported by the Italian Communist Party (PCI), a government that had emerged out of prolonged negotiations in which Moro had played the leading role. His kidnappers captured him in Rome’s Via Fani after a gun battle in which they killed all five of his bodyguards, two of whom were with him in his Fiat 130, while the other three were travelling in an Alfa Romeo immediately behind it. Four of his escorts were shot dead in less than a minute and the fifth man was mortally wounded, dying in a hospital within a few hours without regaining consciousness. Moro’s captivity lasted fifty-four days, although most authors refer to this period slightly inaccurately as “the fifty-five days.” Moro was shot dead on the morning of May 9, and his body was left in a red Renault in Via Caetani in central Rome, almost halfway between the headquarters of the Christian Democratic and Communist parties.

Keywords

Conspiracy Theory State Infiltration Secret Service Official Version Christian Democratic 
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Notes

  1. 6.
    Giovanni Fasanella and Giuseppe Rocca, Il misterioso intermediario: Igor Markevic e il caso Moro ( Turin: Einaudi, 2002 ).Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    Giovanni Fasanella and Claudio Sestrieri with Giovanni Pellegrino, Segreto di Stato: La verità da Gladio al Caso Moro (Turin: Einaudi, 2000). See pp. 125–240 for Pellegrino’s views on the Moro case.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Alessandro Silj, Brigate Rosse—Stato (Florence: Vallecchi,1978).Google Scholar
  4. 17.
    Robin Erika Wagner-Pacifici, The Moro Morality Play: Terrorism as Social Drama ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen Gundle and Lucia Rinaldi 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tobias Abse

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