Gender Mainstreaming and the European Union: Interdisciplinarity, Gender Studies and CDA

  • Ruth Wodak


I would like to start this chapter by quoting two reference letters, one written for a male colleague and one for a female colleague, both of whom are medical scholars. These letters are part of a large sample collected by Trix and Psenka (2002), and analysed on several levels of discourse.


Gender Identity Affirmative Action Gender Study European Parliament John Benjamin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Appelt, E. and Jarosch, Monika (eds) (2000) ‘Combating racial discrimination’, Affirmative Action as a Model for Europe. Oxford/New York: Berg.Google Scholar
  2. Axeli-Knapp, G. (1995) Traditionen Briuche. Entwicklungen feministischer Theorie (Traditions, Ruptures and Developments in Feminist Theory). Freiburg im Brisgau: Kore.Google Scholar
  3. Benke, G. and Wodak, R. (2000) Stories about the Past. IPRA Conference, Budapest, 2000.Google Scholar
  4. Benke, G. and Wodak, R. (2003) ‘Memories of the Wehrmacht: the discursive construction of generational memories’, in D. Nelson and M. Dedaic (eds), War with Words. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  5. Billig, M. (1989) Ideological Dilemmas. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  6. Bourdieu, P. (1990) Was heißt sprechen? (What Does Speaking Mean?) Vienna: Braumuller.Google Scholar
  7. Braithwaite, M. (2000), ‘Mainstreaming gender in the European Structural Funds’. paper prepared for the Mainstreaming Gender in European Public Policy Workshop, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 14–15 October 2000.Google Scholar
  8. de Francisco, V. (1997), ‘Gender, power and practice: or, putting your money (and your research) where your mouth is’, in R. Wodak (ed.), Gender and Discourse. London: Sage, pp. 37–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eglstrom, O. (2000) ‘Norm negotiations: the construction of new norms regarding gender and development in EU foreign aid policy’, in S. Mazey (ed.), Women, Power and Public Policy in Europe. Special Issue of the Journal of European Public Policy, 7 (/3): 457–76.Google Scholar
  10. Fairclough, N. (1992) Discourse and Social Change. London: Polity.Google Scholar
  11. Ferguson, K.E. (1984) The Feminist Case against Bureaucracy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gherardi, S. (1995) Gender, Symbolism and Organizational Cultures. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Giddens, A. (2001) Entfesselte Welt (Chaotic World). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  14. Kargl, M., Wetschanow, K., Wodak, R. and Perle, N. (1997) Kreatives Forrnulieren. Anleitungen zu geschlechtergerechtem Sprachgebrauch (Creative Formulating. Guidelines for Non-Discriminatory Language Behaviour). Vienna: Schriftenreihe des Bundesministeriums fur Frauenangelegenheiten und Verbraucherschutz.Google Scholar
  15. Kargl, M., Wetschanow, K. and Wodak, R. (1998) ‘Sprache und Geschlecht’ (‘Language and Gender’), in Johanna Dohnal, Eine andere Festschrift. Reihe Dokumentation, Band 17, Vienna: Milena Verlag, pp. 112–21.Google Scholar
  16. Kendall, S. and Tannen, D. (1997) ‘Gender and language in the workplace’, in Ruth Wodak (ed.), Gender and Discourse. London: Sage, pp. 81–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kienpointner, M. (1992) Alltagslogik. Struktur und Funktion von Argurnentationsmustern (Everybody Logic. Structure and Function of Argumentation Patterns). Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: frommann-holzboog.Google Scholar
  18. Kotthoff, H. and Wodak, R. (eds) (1997) Communicating Gender in Context. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  19. Labov, W. (1972) Language in the Inner City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  20. Labov, W. and Waletzky, J. (1967) ‘Narrative analysis: oral versions of personal experience’, in J. Helm (ed.), Essays on the Verbal and Visual Art. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, pp.12–44.Google Scholar
  21. Linde, C. (1993) Life Stories. The Creation of Coherence. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Martin Rojo, L. (2000) ‘Narratives at work: when women take on the role of managers’, paper presented at The Theory and Interdisciplinarity in CDA Workshop, 7 July 2000, Department of Linguistics, University of Vienna.Google Scholar
  23. Martin Rojo, L. and GOmez Esteban, C. (2003) ‘Discourse at work: when women take on the role of managers’, in G. Weiss and R. Wodak (eds), Critical Discourse Analysis. Theory and Interdisciplinarity. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  24. Mazey, S. (2000) ‘Introduction: integrating gender-intellectual and ‘real world’ mainstreaming’, in S. Mazey (ed.), Women, Power and Public Policy in Europe. Special Issue of the Journal of European Public Policy, 7 (3): 333–45.Google Scholar
  25. Mumby, D. (ed.) (1993) Narrative and Social Control: Critical Perspectives. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Muntigl, P., Weiss, G. and Wodak, R. (2000) European Union Discourses on Unemployment. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Employment Policy-making and Organizational Change. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nelen, S. (1997) Three Challenges for the Future of the European Union’s Gender Poliry Examined: The Intergovernmental Conference, Kalanke, and Mainstreaming Thesis. Bruges: College of Europe.Google Scholar
  28. Ochs, E. (1997) ‘Narrative’, in T. A. van Dijk (ed.), Discourse as Structure and Process, vol. 1. London: Sage, pp. 185–207.Google Scholar
  29. Pollack, M. A. and Hafner-Burton, E. (2000) ‘Mainstreaming gender in the European Union’, Jean Monet Working Paper, no. 2/00, Harvard Law.Google Scholar
  30. Ricoeur, P. (1992) Oneself as Another. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  31. Rossilli, M. (ed.) (2000) Gender Policies in the European Union. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  32. Schiffrin, D. (1996) ‘Narrative as self-portrait: sociolinguistic constructions of identity’, Language and Society, 25: 167–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schiffrin, D. (1997) ‘The transformation of experience, identity, and context’, in G. Guy, C. Feagin, D. Schiffrin and J. Baugh (eds), Towards a Social Science of Google Scholar
  34. Language. Papers in Honor of William Labov, Social Interaction and Discourse Structures, 2. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 41–55.Google Scholar
  35. Tannen, D. (1995) Talking from Nine to Five. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  36. Trix, F. and Psenka, C. (2002) ‘Exploring the colour of glass: letters of recommendation for female and male medical faculty’, Discourse & Society, 14 (2): 191–220.Google Scholar
  37. Valian, V. (1998) Why so Slow? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  38. Wagner, I. (2000) Frauen in innovativen Betrieben (Women in Innovative Workplaces). Project Proposal to the DFG. Vienna: Technical University.Google Scholar
  39. Wajcman, J. (1998) Managing Like a Man: Women and Men in Corporate Management. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  40. Weiss, G. and Wodak, R. (eds) (2003) Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  41. Wodak, R. (1997) ‘Introduction: some important issues in the research of gender and discourse’, in R. Wodak (ed.), Gender and Discourse. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  42. Wodak, R., de Cillia, R., Reisigl, M. and Liebhart, K. (1999) The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh: University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Wodak, R. and Schulz, M. (1986) The Language of Love and Guilt. Mother-Daughter Relationships from a Cross-Cultural Perspective. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Wodak

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations