Alfred Xuma must have felt like a virtual stranger to South Africa when he finally returned home at the end of 1927. A great deal had changed during his 14 year absence overseas. What limited rights Africans had enjoyed when Xuma left had begun to erode as successive governments moved to protect white minority interests. But as the volume of segregationist legislation increased between 1913 and 1927, Africans explored new avenues of protest and resistance.
KeywordsAfrican Woman Race Relation African Community South African Institute Black Physician
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