‘Alter-Globalization’ and Social Movements: Towards Understanding Transnational Politicization

  • Martin Weber
Chapter
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

Over the past decade or so, we have witnessed the ascendancy of new forms of transnational solidarization, politicization and developments of social consciousness, as well as the by now well established channels of engagement involving NGOs, national governments and international organizations. From the ‘Battle in Seattle’ through the ‘Global Carnival’ to the global and regional Social Forum movements, it has become clear that a different type of political challenge is in formation from the kind anticipated in much of the globalization literature, which stipulated reform and a gradual democratization of existing institutions based on the increasing involvement of an emergent ‘global civil society’. While the counterhegemonic thrust of the ‘alter-globalization’ constellation may not be articulated in the form of a ‘coherent project’, it deploys features of an alternative ‘universalizing discourse’ compared with the dominant one lodged in the expansion and entrenchment of modernity characterized by capitalist-liberal states.

Keywords

Europe Refraction Ethical Ideal Folk Colas 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    D. Dela Porta and M. Diani, Social Movements (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1999).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Keck and K. Sikkink, Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in Global Politics (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998), p. 13.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Cox, Approaches to World Order (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Colas, International Civil Society (Cambridge: Polity, 2001).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Bohman, ‘Citizenship and the Norms of Publicity’, Political Theory, 27 (1999), 176–202;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. M. Cochran, ‘A Democratic Critique of Cosmopolitan Democracy: Pragmatism from the Bottom-Up’, European Journal of International Relations, 8 (2002), 517–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 6.
    J. Keane, Global Civil Society? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 10.
    R. Axtmann, ‘What’s Wrong with Cosmopolitan Democracy?’, in N. Dower and J. Williams (eds), Global Citizenship: A Reader (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    C. Offe and V. Ronge, ‘Theses on the Theory of the State’, in R. Goodin and P. Pettit (eds), Contemporary Political Philosophy (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1997).Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    C. Offe, Contradictions of the Welfare State (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1984), pp. 35–64.Google Scholar
  11. 14.
    M. Horkheimer and T. Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment (New York: Continuum, 1995).Google Scholar
  12. 15.
    C. B. MacPherson on the ‘Dahl-Schumpeter axis’ in Democratic Theory: Essays in Retrieval (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), pp. 78–9.Google Scholar
  13. 16.
    C. Calhoun, Habermas and the Public Sphere (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994).Google Scholar
  14. 18.
    D. Held, Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance (Cambridge: Polity, 1995).Google Scholar
  15. 21.
    J. Dryzek, ‘Transnational Democracy’, Journal of Political Philosophy, 7 (1999), 30–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 22.
    J. Habermas, Strukturwandel der Oeffentlichkeit (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1974);Google Scholar
  17. 27.
    I. Kant, ‘Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklaerung?’, Werke, Vol. 9 (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1983), p. 55.Google Scholar
  18. 29.
    A. Honneth, ‘A Social Pathology of Reason: On the Intellectual Legacy of Critical Theory’, in F. Rush (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Critical Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 356–7.Google Scholar
  19. 31.
    O. Negt and A. Kluge, Public Sphere and Experience (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  20. 35.
    K. Eder, ‘The “New Social Movements”: Moral Crusades, Political Pressure Groups, or Social Movements?’, Social Research, 52 (1985), 868–90.Google Scholar
  21. 38.
    N. Luhmann, Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1997).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martin Weber 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Weber

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations