Confronting Globalization in the Twenty-first Century: An Introduction

  • Patrick Hayden
  • Chamsy el-Ojeili
Chapter
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The literature on globalization is truly prodigious and wide-ranging. The process, after all, encompasses a plurality of phenomena. Consider, for instance, the following: the US$1.5 trillion turned over per day in foreign exchange; the size and power of many large multinational corporations; the new technologies such as the Internet which spell the ‘death of distance’,1 recomposing communities and identity and providing the possibility of a new public sphere; the emergence of a new system of global governance, with local bodies, non-governmental organizations, multinational corporations, transnational global bodies and treaties reconfiguring the nature of rule, and perhaps making the state more of a ‘strategic actor’2 rather than a prime political mover; a new polarization of wealth, with the three richest people in the world controlling more assets than the 600 million people in the 48 less developed countries; the development of a new international division of labour, and the transformation of work, with its personal and social consequences;3 the spread of Western cultural products so that ‘America is everybody’s second culture’; the emergence of a global environmental commons in the face of a host of threatening ecological catastrophes;4 and the much talked of global scission between McWorld, on the one hand, and Jihad, on the other.

Keywords

Migration Ozone Marketing Stratification Expense 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Cairncross quoted in J. Urry, Global Complexity (Cambridge: Polity, 2003), p. 2.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Castells, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture: The Rise of the Network Society (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 2000).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Sennet, The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism (New York: W. W. Norton, 1998);Google Scholar
  4. R. Sennett, ‘Street and Office: Two Sources of Identity’, in W. Hutton and A. Giddens (eds), Global Capitalism (New York: New Press, 2000).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Z. Bauman, Globalization: The Human Consequences (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Mann, ‘Globalization and September 11’, New Left Review, 12 (2001), 51–72.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cochrane and Pain quoted in R. Robertson, ‘Globalization Theory 2000+: Major Problematics’, in G. Ritzer and B. Smart (eds), Handbook of Social Theory (London: Sage, 2000), pp. 458–71.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lechner quoted in G. Ritzer, The Globalization of Nothing (Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge, 2004), p. 72.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Petras and H. Veltmeyer, Globalization Unmasked: Imperialism in the 21st Century (London: Zed Books, 2001), p. 26.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Waters, Globalization, 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 1995), p. 5.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Held and A. McGrew, Globalization/Anti-Globalization (Cambridge: Polity, 2002), p. 1.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Held and A. McGrew, Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture (Cambridge: Polity, 1999).Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    A. Giddens, Runaway World: How Globalization is Shaping Our Lives (Reith Lectures, 1999), online at http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/events/reith_99/default.htm.Google Scholar
  14. U. Beck, World Risk Society (Cambridge: Polity, 1998);Google Scholar
  15. U. Beck, What is Globalization? (Cambridge: Polity, 2000).Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    M. Castells, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture: The Power of Identity (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1997).Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    E. W. Said, Culture and Imperialism (London: Vintage, 1994), pp. 207, 339.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Hardt and A. Negri, Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. A. Scholte, ‘The Globalization of World Politics’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 14–15.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Held and A. McGrew (eds), The Global Transformations Reader (Cambridge: Polity, 2002), p. 1.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Sassen, Losing Control: Sovereignty in an Age of Globalization (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    See R. O. Keohane, Power and Governance in a Partially Globalized World (London: Routledge, 2002),CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Andreas Hasenclever et al. (eds), Theories of International Regimes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    See the Commission on Global Governance, Our Global Neighbourhood: The Report of the Commission on Global Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    A. M. Slaughter, ‘Disaggregated Sovereignty: Towards the Public Accountability of Global Government Networks’, Government and Opposition, 39 (2004), 159–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    D. Moellendorf, Cosmopolitan Justice (Boulder, CO: Westview, 2002);Google Scholar
  27. T. Pogge, World Poverty and Hunger (Cambridge: Polity, 2002);Google Scholar
  28. P. Singer, One World: The Ethics of Globalization (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  29. 26.
    D. Held, Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance (Cambridge: Polity, 1995).Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    S. Benhabib, The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  31. 29.
    D. Archibugi, ‘Principles of Cosmopolitan Democracy’, in D. Archibugi, D. Held and M. Kohler (eds), Re-imagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy (Cambridge: Polity, 1998), p. 204.Google Scholar
  32. 30.
    J. G. Ruggie, ‘Taking Embedded Liberalism Global: The Corporate Connection’, in D. Held and M. Koenig-Archibugi (eds), Taming Globalization: Frontiers of Governance (Cambridge: Polity, 2003), p. 95.Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    See M. Kaldor, Global Civil Society: An Answer to War (Cambridge: Polity, 2003),Google Scholar
  34. J. Keane, Global Civil Society? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 32.
    J. Habermas, The Postnational Constellation: Political Essays (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2001).Google Scholar
  36. 33.
    Featherstone and Lash quoted in J. Rosenberg, The Follies of Globalisation Theory (London: Verso, 2000), p. 2.Google Scholar
  37. 34.
    R. Wiggershaus, The Frankfurt School: Its Histories, Theories and Political Significance (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  38. 35.
    See D. Rasmussen, The Handbook of Critical Theory (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1996).Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    H. Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1964), pp. x–xi.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    See E. Bloch, The Principle of Hope (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  41. 38.
    G. McLennan and T. Osborne, ‘Contemporary “Vehicularity” and “Romanticism”: Debating the Status of Ideas and Intellectuals’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 6 (2003), 51–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 40.
    M. B. Steger, Globalism: The New Market Ideology (Lanham, MB: Rowman … Littlefield, 2002).Google Scholar
  43. 41.
    S. ŽiŽek, ‘Why We All Love to Hate Haider’, New Left Review, 2 (2000), 37–45.Google Scholar
  44. 43.
    P. Anderson, ‘Renewals’, New Left Review, 1 (2000), 5–24.Google Scholar
  45. 44.
    P. Bourdieu, Acts of Resistance: Against the Tyranny of the Market (New York: New Press, 1998b).Google Scholar
  46. See also Barry Smart’s recent Economy, Culture and Society (London: Sage, 2003),Google Scholar
  47. 45.
    S. ŽiŽek, ‘Multiculturalism, or, the Cultural Logic of Multinational Capitalism’, New Left Review, 225 (1997), 29–51.Google Scholar
  48. 46.
    A. Giddens, The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (Cambridge: Polity, 1998), p. 26.Google Scholar
  49. 48.
    A. Giddens, The Progressive Manifesto (Cambridge: Polity, 2003), pp. 6–7.Google Scholar
  50. 52.
    G. Borradori (ed.), Philosophy in a Time of Terror: Dialogues With Jürgen Habermas and Jacques Derrida (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2003)Google Scholar
  51. 53.
    A. Callinicos, Against the Third Way (Cambridge: Polity, 2001);Google Scholar
  52. 56.
    G. W. Bush, ‘President Pledges Assistance for New York Call with Pataki, Giuliani’. Remarks by the President in Telephone Conversation with New York Mayor Giuliani and New York Governor Pataki, 13 September 2001, Washington, DC: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary.Google Scholar
  53. 57.
    S. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (London: Touchstone Books, 1998).Google Scholar
  54. 58.
    A. Al-Azmeh, ‘Postmodern Obscurantism and “The Muslim Question”’, Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 5 (2003), 20–46, online at http://hiphi.ubbcluj.ro/JSRI/html%2Oversion/index/no_5/aziaalazmeh-articol.htm.Google Scholar
  55. 60.
    M. Ignatieff, Empire Lite: Nation-building in Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan (London: Vintage, 2003), p. 2.Google Scholar
  56. 62.
    R. Falk, ‘Resisting “Globalization from Above” through “Globalization from Below”’, in B. Gills (ed.), Globalization and the Politics of Resistance (London: Macmillan, 2000);Google Scholar
  57. R. Falk, Predatory Globalization: A Critique (Cambridge: Polity, 1999).Google Scholar
  58. 64.
    I. Wallerstein, ‘New Revolts Against the System’, New Left Review, 18 (2002), 29–39.Google Scholar
  59. 66.
    D. Archibugi, ‘Cosmopolitical Democracy’, in D. Archibugi (ed.), Debating Cosmopolitics (London: Verso, 2003), p. 9.Google Scholar
  60. 68.
    P. Bourdieu, ‘A Reasoned Utopia and Economic Fatalism’, New Left Review, 227 (1998), 125–30.Google Scholar
  61. 69.
    W. Hudson, The Reform of Utopia (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Patrick Hayden and Chamsy el-Ojeili 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Hayden
  • Chamsy el-Ojeili

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations