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The main question posed by this study is what were the causes of the barbarisation of German troops on the Eastern Front during the Second World War? More specifically, this book is an attempt to examine the relationship between the conditions at the front, the social and educational background of the junior officers and political indoctrination on the one hand, and the criminal activities of the army in the East on the other hand. That a research of this kind is necessary, both from the factual and the methodological points of view, can be demonstrated by a brief survey of the available literature dealing with these issues.
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- 1.E. von Manstein, Aus Einem Soldatenleben (Bonn, 1958) pp. 353–4. See also his Verlorcne Siege, 2nd edn (Frankfurt/M., 1964) pp. 7–8; and K. Doenitz, Memoirs, 2nd edn (London, 1959) pp. 299–314; H. Guderian, Panzer Leader, 3rd edn (London, 1977) pp. 458–64; Kesselring, The Memoirs (London, 1953) pp. 314–15; S. Westphal, The German Army in the West (London, 1951) pp. 3–18.Google Scholar
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- 5.Discussions of the various Putsch plans and attempts of the military can be found in H. C. Deutsch, The Conspiracy Against Hitler in the Twilight War (Minneapolis: Minnesota, 1968) and his Hitler and his Generals (Minneapolis: Minnesota, 1974); K-J Miiller, Armee, Politik and Gesellschaft in Deutschland 1933–45 (Padeborn, 1979); N. Reynolds, Treason was no Crime (London, 1976); G. Ritter, Carl Goerdeler and die Deutsche Widerslands-Bewegung (Stuttgart, 1954).Google Scholar
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- 7.More generally on post-war German historiography, see, in L. Dawidowicz, ‘German Historians and National Socialism’, Zmanim, 11 (in the Hebrew language, 1979); II. Herzfeld, ‘Germany: After the Catastrophe’, JCH, II (1967) 79–91; M. Howard, Studies in War and Peace, 10th edn (London, 1970) pp. 110–21; D. T. Williams, ‘The Historiography of World War II’, in E. M. Robertson (ed.), The Origins of the Second World War, 5th edn (London, 1979) pp. 40–2.Google Scholar
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- 11.Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, no. 99, 29 April 1981, p. 10. During the summer of 1981 another public debate took place in Germany concerning the screening of the Soviet/American TV film ‘Der Unvergessene Krieg’. See, for example, B. Martin, ‘Badische Zeitung’, Woclienend Magazin, 5/6 December 1981, pp. 1–2; H. Holme et al., Der Spiegel, no. 38, 14 September 1981, pp. 200–16.Google Scholar
- 14.Sec, for example, K. W. Bird, Weimar, The German Naval Officer Corps and the Rise of National Socialism (Amsterdam, 1971); II. H. Herwig, The German Naval Officer Corps (Oxford, 1973), for the navy. See K. Demeter, The German Officer Corps (London, 1965); and M. Kitchen, The German Officer Corps (Oxford, 1968), for the army. Biographies deal, of course, only with the most exceptional officers. See. J. Kramarz, Stauffenberg (Frankfurt/M., 1965); C. Müller, Oberst i.G. Stauffenberg (Düsseldorf, 1970). For the usefulness of regional studies which, however, do not deal with the army, see W. S. Allen, 77;e Nazi Seizure of Power (Chicago, 1965); J. Noakes, The Nazi Party in Lower Saxony (London, 1971). An attempt to draw the portrait of the ‘typical’ (senior) officer is to be found in J. C. Fest, The Face of the Third Reich, 3rd edn (Harmondsworth: Middlesex, 1979) pp. 355–75.Google Scholar