The field of ethics addresses evaluative questions: these are questions about what is good or bad, or what should or should not be done. An evaluative question calls for an evaluative statement as an answer: this is a statement that inherently makes a positive or negative evaluation of something.1 The following are examples of evaluative statements: ‘One should keep one’s promises’; ‘Happiness is good’; ‘Pol Pot is evil’; ‘Honesty is a virtue’. The last is evaluative because it is part of the meaning of ‘virtue’ that virtues are good.
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