Medical Technology and Industrial Dynamics: The United States and the Global Market

Part of the Science, Technology and Medicine in Modern History book series (STMMH)


In this chapter we explore the histories of some of the American manufacturers who now dominate the global hip-replacement market. We go on to examine how they have worked with surgeons, not least through technical representatives who visit hospitals and may take a part in the surgical operations. Worldwide, there are 18,000 manufacturers of medical devices, and over 70% of them are small companies with less than 50 employees.1 Some companies only have one or two specialist product lines, or conduct research for the large manufacturers. However, as in many industries, the large multi-nationals have most of the market share.


Medical Device Medical Technology Parent Company Industrial Dynamics Device Company 
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Copyright information

© Julie Anderson, Francis Neary and John V. Pickstone 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM)The University of ManchesterUK

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