Total Hip Replacement: Introduction, Sources and Outline

Part of the Science, Technology and Medicine in Modern History book series (STMMH)


On May 9 1933, an article in The Times headed ‘Railway Engineer’s Suicide’, reported that a 57-year old man had shot himself ‘while of unsound mind.’ As the Coroner explained,

(He was) Suffering from profound depression caused by physical disability arising from a chronic disease of the hip-joint, which disabled him, which was getting worse, and of which there was no hope of a cure.1


Femoral Head National Health Service Device Manufacturer National Joint Registry Orthopaedic Journal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    Henderson, Melvin S. and Pollock, George A., ‘Surgical Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Hip Joint’, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 22 (1940), 923.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Cortisone was first synthesised in 1948 by the pharmaceutical company Merck. For the story of cortisone see Le Fanu, James, The Rise and Fall of Modern Medicine (London: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), 17–28.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See Lerner, Barron H., The Breast Cancer Wars: Hope, fear and the pursuit of a cure in twentieth-century America (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
  4. Pickstone, John V., ‘Contested Cumulations: Configurations of cancer treatments through the twentieth century’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 81 (2007), 164–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 6.
    For a history of TB in the twentieth century see Bryder, Linda, Below the Magic Mountain: A social history of tuberculosis in twentieth century Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Eftekhar, Nas, ‘Founder of the Hip Society (USA) Frank E. Stinchfield’, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 285 (1992), 12.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Sarmiento, Augusto, Bare Bones: A Surgeon’s Tale: The price of success in American medicine (Amherst: Prometheus, 2003).Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    See Faulkner, Alex, ‘Casing the Joint: The material development of artificial hips’, in Katherine Ott, et al. (eds), Artificial Parts, Practical Lives: Modern histories of prosthetics (New York: New York University Press: 2002), 199–226.Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    Miller, Dane, ‘Orthopaedic Product Technology During the Second Half of the Twentieth Century’, in Klenerman, Leslie (ed.), The Evolution of Orthopaedic Surgery (London: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 2002), 211–28.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    Klenerman, Leslie (ed.), The Evolution of Orthopaedic Surgery (London: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    Klenerman, Leslie, ‘Arthroplasty of the Hip’, in Klenerman, Leslie (ed.), The Evolution of Orthopaedic Surgery (London: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 2002), 13–23.Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    Heck, Charles V., 1933–1983 Fifty Years of Progress (Chicago: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1983).Google Scholar
  13. 18.
    Waugh, William, A History of the British Orthopaedic Association: The first seventy five years (London: British Orthopaedic Association, 1993).Google Scholar
  14. 19.
    See Jeffrey, Kirk, Machines in Our Hearts: The cardiac pacemaker, the implantable defibrillator and American health care (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    See Blume, Stuart, Insight and Industry: On the dynamics of technological change in medicine (Boston: MIT Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  16. 21.
    See Howell, Joel, Technology in the Hospital: Transforming patient care in the twentieth century (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    See Pickstone, John (ed.), Medical Innovations in Historical Perspective (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992)Google Scholar
  18. Lowy, I. (ed.), Medicine and Change: Historical and sociological studies of medical innovation (Paris: INSERM/John Libbey, 1993)Google Scholar
  19. Stanton, J. (ed.), Innovations in Health and Medicine: Diffusion and resistance in the twentieth century (London: Routledge, 2002)Google Scholar
  20. 35.
    Timmermann, C. and Anderson, J. (eds), Devices and Designs: Medical technologies in historical perspective (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2006).Google Scholar
  21. 38.
    Cooter, Roger, Surgery and Society in Peace and War. Orthopaedics and the organization of modern medicine (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993).Google Scholar
  22. 41.
    Schlich, Thomas, Surgery, Science and Industry: A revolution in fracture care, 1950s–1990s (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 47.
    Saleh, K.J., et al., ‘Economic Evaluations in the Hip Arthroplasty Literature: Lessons to be learned’, Journal of Arthroplasty, 14:5 (1999), 527–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 48.
    Madhok, R., et al., ‘Utilization of Upper Limb Joint Replacements During 1972–90: The Mayo Clinic experience’, Proceedings of the Institution for Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 207 (1993), 239–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Julie Anderson, Francis Neary and John V. Pickstone 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM)The University of ManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations