Participation, Pluralism and Perceptions of Poverty

  • Robert Chambers


The words ‘poverty’ and ‘dimension’ are each used with many meanings. In this chapter, the meanings given to them are as follows:

Poverty includes bad conditions and/or experience of life. This means more than simply material poverty or lack. It is the meaning implied by the statement with which the World Development Report (WDR) 2000/01 Attacking Poverty opens ‘Poverty is pronounced deprivation in wellbeing’ (World Bank 2000: 15). ‘Multidimensional poverty’ is then the same as ‘multidimensional deprivation’.2 Well-being is the experience of good quality of life, and ill-being, its opposite, the experience of bad quality of life. This applies especially where material and other deprivations and disadvantages interact and reinforce each other (see Figures 8.1–8.4).


Food Insecure Poor People Participatory Approach United Nations Development Programme Gender Relation 
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  • Robert Chambers

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