The EU as a Soft Power: the Force of Persuasion
The intra-European row that broke out in the build-up to the war in Iraq brought home the fragility of the European foreign policy regime. Existing and future member states publicly demonstrated their diverging positions regarding the appropriate stance to take in relation to the United States. For outside observers, this seemed to prove the futility of seeking to establish a common foreign and security policy among the member states of the EU, which continue placing national priorities before shared European objectives. From this perspective, the EU would forever remain a political dwarf despite its status as an economic giant.
KeywordsMember State Foreign Policy External Relation Soft Power European Public
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.See Peter van Ham, European Integration and the Postmodern Condition: Governance, Democracy, Identity (London: Routledge, 2001).Google Scholar
- 7.European Commission, Agenda 2000: For a stronger and Wider Union, COM(97)2000 final, Brussels, 1997.Google Scholar
- 10.European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on an Information and Communication Strategy for the European Union, COM(2002) 350 final/2, Brussels, 2 October 2002.Google Scholar
- 15.Judy Dempsey, Financial Times, 3–4 April 2004.Google Scholar
- 18.European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament concerning the Development of the External Service, COM(2000) 456 final, Brussels, 18 July 2000.Google Scholar
- 27.Giles Scott-Smith, Mending the Unhinged Alliance: Public Diplomacy, the European Community Visitor Programme, and Transatlantic Relations in the 1970s, unpublished manuscript, Middelburg, 2004.Google Scholar