Welfare Designs and Peripheral Realities: The Brazilian Dilemma
This chapter analyses the welfare policies in Brazil since the 1930s, when efforts towards state-led industrialization took place. It argues that welfare rhetoric and policies ended up serving a model of economic development where capital accumulation resulted, to a great extent and paradoxically, from incremental inequality and poverty among large contingents of the urban and rural populations. Even if social sacrifices were expected in a process of late/peripheral industrialization, there was hope that the state would have functioned as balancing broker. But far from that, the state established a bureaucratic network of social control ranging from populist/ corporatist to repressive/clientelist approaches, which propelled patrimonialism, corruption and external dependency.
KeywordsCivil Society Welfare State Capital Accumulation Human Development Index Welfare Policy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.