My father-in-law Jacob Greenspan (of blessed memory) was a diminutive, energetic Polish Jew who survived the Holocaust by fleeing into Soviet Russia, along with his wife and approximately 800,000 other Jews, after Germany invaded Poland in 1939. After the war, all Jews who indicated that they wanted to return to Poland were considered potential enemies of the state and sent to labor camps near the Arctic Circle to cut trees. After two and half years in such a camp, the Greenspans were freed; they made their way to Uzbekistan, where they managed to eek out a living for two years. Eventually they returned to Poland and then went to a Displaced Persons camp in Germany, their departure point for immigration to the United States in 1951.
KeywordsHuman Material Environmental Crisis Mass Murder Labor Camp Death Camp
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Elie Wiesel, A Jew Today, trans. Marion Wiesel (New York: Vintage, 1979), p. 12.Google Scholar
- 2.Max Weber, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, eds, H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills (New York: Oxford University Press, 1958).Google Scholar
- Karl Popper, The Open Society and its Enemies (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971).Google Scholar
- 3.Frederic Buell, From Apocalypse to Way of Life (New York: Routledge, 2003).Google Scholar
- 6.Francois Furet, ed., Unanswered Questions: Nazi Germany and the Genocide of the Jews (New York: Schocken: 1989).Google Scholar
- Daniel Goldhagen, Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust (New York: Knopf, 1996).Google Scholar
- Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 3rd edn, 3 vols. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
- Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry (New York: Oxford, 1990).Google Scholar
- 8.Christopher R. Browning, “Bureaucracy and Mass Murder: The German Administrator’s Comprehension of the Final Solution,” in Asher Cohen, Jav Gelver, and Charlotte Wardi, eds, Comprehending the Holocaust: Historical and Literary Research (Frankfurt: Verlag Peter Lang, 1988).Google Scholar
- 9.Berel Lang, ed., Writing and the Holocaust (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1988), pp. 178–82.Google Scholar
- 15.Lucien Steinberg, Jews Against Hitler (Glasgow: University Press, 1974), pp. 457–98.Google Scholar
- Hermann Langbein, Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps 1938–1945 (New York: Paragon House, 1994).Google Scholar
- Roger S. Gottlieb, ed., Thinking the Unthinkable: Meanings of the Holocaust (Totowa, NJ: Paulist Press, 1990).Google Scholar