In 1999, the then Chinese President Jiang Zemin declared his policy of ‘Western Area Development’, which aimedtoachieve economic development for the western region in China. This masked a substantial change in regional development policy in China. After the central government of China had implemented an ‘open door’ policy, China then applied the ‘Step Ladder policy’ for regional development. The intention of this policy was to start by developing the coastal region, and then to move on to the development of the interior regions. Inpractice, the coastal regions of China have developed rapidly, but the interior regions have been relatively underdeveloped. The regional disparities that have resulted have been one of the main concerns for policy planners at both national and regional levels as well as researchers both inside and outside China. This is the main reason why so many regional scientists or analysts have begun to study regional development in China.
KeywordsPetroleum Steam Income Agglomeration
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Akita, T., K. Kawamura and B. Xie (1999) ‘The Regional Economic Development of Northeast China: An Interregional Input-Output Analysis’, The Journal of Econometric Study of Northeast Asia, 1(1), 53–78.Google Scholar
- Akita, T., N. Yue and K. Kawamura (1999) ‘Inter-provincial Income Inequality in China, 1985–1997: An Inequality Decomposition Analysis’, The Journal of Econometric Study of Northeast Asia, 1(2), 55–71.Google Scholar
- Chen, K. (2002) ‘Chugoku no Chikukan Shotoku Kakusa to Shuseki no Keizai’ (Regional Income Disparity and Economies of Agglomeration), Kokumin Keizai Zasshi (Journal of Economics and Business Administration), 186(3), 41–51.Google Scholar
- Ding, J.P. (1999) ‘Agglomeration Effects in Manufacturing Location — Are There Any Country Preferences?’, Economia Internazionale, 52(1), 59–78.Google Scholar
- Hirschman, A. (1958) The Strategy of Economic Development, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Ichimura, S. and H.J. Wang (eds) (2003) Interregional Input-Output Analysis of the Chinese Economy, Singapore: World Scientific.Google Scholar
- Institute of Developing Economies-JETRO (2003) Multi-Regional Input-Output Model for China 2000, Statistical Data Series no. 86, Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies-JETRO.Google Scholar
- Kimura, K. (2003) ‘China’s Regional Industrial Disparity from the Viewpoint of Industrial Agglomeration’, in M. Kagami and M. Tsuji (eds), Industrial Agglomeration: Facts and Lessons for Developing Countries, Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies-JETRO, pp. 203–34.Google Scholar
- Marukawa, T. (2001) ‘Chugoku no Sangyoshuseki-Sono Keizai Katei to Kozo-’ (China’s Industrial Agglomeration — its Formation and Structure), in M. Seki (ed.), Ajia no Sangyoshuseki-Sono Hatten Katei to Kozo- (Industrial Agglomeration in Asia — its Formation and Structure), Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies-JETRO, pp. 29–60.Google Scholar
- Myrdal, G. (1957) Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, London: Gerald Duckworth.Google Scholar