• Nora Berend
Part of the Palgrave Advances book series (PAD)


The ‘frontier’ became an analytical concept in medieval history-writing in the twentieth century, and has been used especially since the second half of that century. In the historiography of the Middle Ages, two main lines of thought concerning frontiers developed largely independently of each other. One addresses the development of frontiers, understood to be linear or zonal, around villages, estates and kingdoms; the other focuses on ‘frontier societies’, seen as societies possessing special characteristics. The works that first influenced medievalists, leading them to start employing the concept of the ‘frontier’, were written at the end of the nineteenth and in the early twentieth centuries.


Thirteenth Century Eleventh Century Frontier Area Frontier Region Military Confrontation 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

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  • Nora Berend

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