• Alan V. Murray
Part of the Palgrave Advances book series (PAD)


The term ‘prosopography’ differs from most of the other chapter headings in this book in that it refers not to a particular subject of scholarship, but to a form of historical inquiry. The Latin term prosopographia, from which the modern English word is derived, was coined in humanist circles in the sixteenth century; it derives from the Greek word prosopon, which is related to Latin persona and means ‘face, mask, role, person’. Prosopography is concerned with the study of the identities, lives and relationships of people in historical societies; yet while it seeks to compile and analyse information on individuals, its essential feature is that it is concerned with groups or sets of people.1 A short serviceable definition of prosopography would be ‘the compilation and analysis of data on a defined set of individuals’, and it should be stressed that prosopography goes far beyond the scope of traditional historical biography. One practical reason for this is that at least until the later Middle Ages, the nature of the surviving source material means that the amount of information necessary to write narrative biography of the traditional literary or historical type is generally restricted to relatively few monarchs, saints and bishops and a handful of other individuals, and even then, often with crucial gaps in the surviving evidence.


Religious Order Thirteenth Century Twelfth Century Documentary Evidence Documentary Source 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    For a more detailed treatment of definitions of prosopography and the history of the term, particularly with regard to the medieval period, see: G. Beech, ‘Prosopography’, in Medieval Studies: An Introduction, ed. J. M. Powell (Syracuse, 1976), pp. 151–84; Neithard Bulst, ‘Zum Gegenstand und zur Methode von Prosopographie’, in Medieval Lives and the Historian: Studies in Medieval Prosopography, ed. N. Bulst and J-P. Genet (Kalamazoo, Mich., 1986), pp. 1–16, and K. F. Werner, ‘L’apport de la prosopographie a l’histoire sociale des elites’, in Family Trees and the Roots of Politics: The Prosopography ofBritain and France from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century, ed. K. S. B. Keats-Rohan (Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
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    in addition to the specialist journal Medieval Prosopography: History and Collective Biography (Kalamazoo, Mich., 1980-), one can mention two other journals with a strong prosopographical interest: Francia: Forschungen zur westeuropaischen Geschichte (Sigmaringen, 1973—) and Fruhmittelalterliche Studien (Berlin, 1967-). There is also a purely electronic publication Prosopon: Newsletter of the Unit for Prosopographical Research, accessible at <www.linacre.>.•Google Scholar
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

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  • Alan V. Murray

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