Women’s Participation in Politics and the Women’s Movement: The History and Background of Recent Successes of Women Candidates in Local Elections

  • Kuniko Funabashi
Part of the IDE-JETRO Series book series (IDE)

Abstract

Japanese women’s participation in the decision-making process, especially in the field of politics, is quite low. The percentage of women in the House of Representatives (the Lower House) after the election of 2003 was 7.1 per cent, putting Japan in 134th place in the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) ranking for the world. The percentage in local assemblies after the nationwide local elections of 2003 was 7.6 per cent. Why is the political status of women in Japan so low?

If it were a case of discrimination in a population consisting of two racial groups (rather than two sexes), one would expect riots or an independence movement to break out. The surprising thing is that this situation has gone on so peacefully and quietly. Why? What is the reason why this situation exists and continues unchanged? (Watanabe, 2003, p. 7)

Keywords

Arena Geted 

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© Institute of Developing Economies (IDE),JETRO 2005

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  • Kuniko Funabashi

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