Advertisement

Regress, War and Fragile Recovery: The Case of the DRCongo

  • Stefaan Marysse

Abstract

Africa is experiencing its first international war. The direct and indirect death toll from the start of this media-silent conflict in August 1998 up to the end of 2001 is estimated at 2.5 million, which is over a third the number of holocaust victims and almost one-tenth of all Soviet casualties incurred during Second World War (International Rescue Committee, 2001:1). At least, this is the headcount by the IRC and the Kabila government. Other sources believe the death toll to be even higher. Some estimate it at 73,000 a month, which would bring the total number of fatalities to over 3.5 million (Blaire Harden, 2001, 36).1

Keywords

Formal Economy Commodity Chain Tantalum Powder Illegal Exploitation Tantalum Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ABCNews, 21 January 2001 ‘What is coltan’, http://www.abcnews.go.com/sections/coltan Google Scholar
  2. Banque Nationale Congolaise, Condensé de statistiques, different n°, Kinshasa, 2000–5/2001.Google Scholar
  3. Bates, R. 2001. Prosperity and Violence: The Political Economy of Development. New York: Norton publishing Cy.Google Scholar
  4. Bayart, J.F. 1993. The State in Africa. The Politics of the Belly. Longman, Harlow.Google Scholar
  5. Bayart, J.F. 2000. ‘Africa in the world’, African Affairs, 99: 395. pp. 217–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. BBC, 1 August 2002, ‘Congo’s coltan rush’, www.news.bbc.co.uk/&/hi/world/africa, 4pGoogle Scholar
  7. Bézy, F., J.P. Peemans and J.M. Wautelet. 1984. L’accumulation du capital au Zaïre, Presses Universitaires de Louvain-La-Neuve.Google Scholar
  8. Collier, P. and J.W. Gunning. 1999. ‘Explaining African economic performance’, Journal of Economic Literature, 37. pp. 64–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cuvelier, J. and T. Raeymaekers. 2002. ‘European companies and the coltan trade: supporting the war economy in the DRC’, IPIS International Peace Information Service, Antwerp, January, pp. 1–27.Google Scholar
  10. de Failly, D. 2001. ‘Coltan: pour comprendre …’, in S. Marysse and F. Reyntjens (eds), L’Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 2000–2001, Paris: Harmattan, pp. 279–306.Google Scholar
  11. De Herdt, T. and S. Marysse. 1996. Le secteur informel au Zaïre. Paris: Harmattan.Google Scholar
  12. De Herdt, T. 2000. Surviving the Transition. Institutional Aspects of Economic Regress in Congo/Zaire, Doctoral dissertation, Antwerpen: University of Antwerp.Google Scholar
  13. Englebert, P. 2001. ‘Solving the mystery of the African dummy’, in World Development, 2001.Google Scholar
  14. Frank, A.G. 1998. Reorient: Global Economy in the Asian Age. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.Google Scholar
  15. Hyden, G. 1984. No Shortcuts to Progress. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  16. Harden, B. 2001. ‘The dirt in the new machine’; in New York Times Magazine, 12 August.Google Scholar
  17. IMF, 12 December 2000, Rwanda: Staff report for the 2000 article IV consultation and requests for the third annual arrangement under the poverty reduction and growth facility and for extension of commitment period, Washington: IMF.Google Scholar
  18. IMF, 19 January 2000, Uganda. Staff report for the 2001 article IV consultation, Second review under the third annual arrangement under the poverty reduction and growth facility and request for waiver of performance criteria, Washington: IMF.Google Scholar
  19. IMF, 26 February 2004. ‘DRC-Third review Under the Three-Year arrangement Under the Poverty Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria’, EBS/ 04/26, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  20. International Rescue Committee Health Unit. 2001. Mortality in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, http://www.theirc.org/mortality_2000.cfm Google Scholar
  21. Marysse, S. 1999. ‘Balbutiements de la renaissance africaine ou somalisation? Enjeux économiques individuels, régionaux et internationaux d’une guerre’, in S. Marysse, F. Reyntjens (eds), L’Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 1989–1999, Paris: Harmattan, pp. 309–336.Google Scholar
  22. Marysse, S. and C. André. 2001. ‘Guerre et pillage économique en République Démocratique du Congo’, in S. Marysse, F. Reyntjens (eds), L’Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 1989–1999, Paris: Harmattan, pp. 308–332.Google Scholar
  23. Montague, D. 2002. ‘Stolen goods: coltan and conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo’, SAIS Review, XII, pp. 103–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nhara, W. 2002. ‘West must value Sadc forces’ role in DRC’, Sunday Mail, 18 August, Harare.Google Scholar
  25. Ngonga Nzinga, V. ‘Programme Interimaire renforcé (PIR) et Evaluation a mi-parcours du Programme Economique du Gouvernement (PEG)’, Notes de Conjoncture, Kinshasa, octobre 2003.Google Scholar
  26. Putnam, R. 1993. Making Democracy Work. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, p. 285.Google Scholar
  27. Sen, A. 2000. Development as Freedom. New York: Knopf, p. 366.Google Scholar
  28. Tantalum-Niobium International Study Center, www.tanb.org
  29. Tshiunza-Mbiye, O. 2003. La fin du triangle malfique de hyperinflation, hyperdpreciation et hyperrcession?, in Le potentiel, 23 November, Kinshasa.Google Scholar
  30. UN Panel. 2001. ‘Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other Forms of Wealth of the Democratic Republic of the Congo’, www.un.org/News/dh/latest/drcongo.htm, p. 55.Google Scholar
  31. US Embassy, 30 July 1997, ‘Clinton unveils new partnership on African trade’, Brussels.Google Scholar
  32. Van De Walle, N. 2001. African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis: 1979–1999. Cambridge University Press, p. 287.Google Scholar
  33. Wallerstein, I. 1989. ‘Elegy and requiem for the ideology of national development’, F. Braudel Center, paper, Binghampton: New York University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stefaan Marysse 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefaan Marysse

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations