China’s Social Policy: Reform and Development in the Context of Marketization and Globalization

  • Xinping Guan
Part of the Social Policy in a Development Context book series (SPDC)


China has undergone a fundamental economic reform from socialist to market economy since the late 1970s. The social welfare system, which used to be an integral part of the socialist economy, has inevitably been subject to a drastic reform process. This transition to the market economy coincided with a globalization process to which China’s economy has been rapidly integrated. This, in turn, has strongly affected the social policy reform in China. This chapter aims, first, to examine the social policy reform in China in the context of marketization and globalization since the economic reform started.


Economic Reform Welfare System Unemployment Insurance Chinese Communist Party Welfare Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. An, M. (2002). Increasing Unemployed Population: The Biggest Challenge to China when Entering into WTO. Theory and Practice of the Trade Union, 16.Google Scholar
  2. CCP’s Central Committee and the State Council (2002) Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee and the State Council’s Decision to Further Reinforce the Rural Health Services. Google Scholar
  3. Chen, L. (1996). Market Economy and Higher Education: A Worldwide Topic. Beijing: People’s Education Press.Google Scholar
  4. China Civil Affairs Ministry (2004). 2003 National and Regional Statistics of Urban MLS, China Civil Affairs Ministry’s website.Google Scholar
  5. Ding, N. and Ge, Y. (2001). Social Security Reform Project, Development Research Center of the State Council: Reviews and Prospects of China Urban Unemployment System Reform. Management World, 1.Google Scholar
  6. Guan, X. (1999). Urban Poverty in China. Changsha: Hunan Peoples Press.Google Scholar
  7. Guo, S. and Ge, S. (1998). The Reform and Exploration of China’s Social Insurance. Shanghai: Shanghai Finance and Economics University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jiang, W. (1999). Housing and Its Reform in 1998–1999. In X. Ru, X. Lu and T. Shan (eds.), China in 1999: Analysis And Forecast of the Social Situation. Beijing: Social Science Literature Press.Google Scholar
  9. Li, Q. (1993). Social Stratification and Mobility in Contemporary China. Beijing: China Economics Press.Google Scholar
  10. Li, S. (1998). China’s Economic Transition and Changes in Income Distribution. Economic Research, 4.Google Scholar
  11. Liu, R. and Zhang, X. (1989). China: A Welfare State with Low Income. China: Development and Reform, 6.Google Scholar
  12. Ye, R. (2001). The Relationship between Income Inequality and the Open Economy in China. Shanxi Statistics, 2.Google Scholar
  13. Zhang, Y. (2000). Discussions on Unemployment in China. Economic Review, 2.Google Scholar
  14. Zhao, D. (2003). A Review and Discussion of the Rural Pension Insurance Programme Scholar
  15. Zheng, G. (1996). From Enterprise Security to Social Security. Shenyang: Liaoning People’s Press.Google Scholar
  16. Zheng, G., Sun, S., Luo, G., Tang, J., Wang, Y., Pan, J. and Xu, F. (2002) The Changes of China Social Security System and the Evaluation. Beijing: China Renmin University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UNRISD 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinping Guan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations