The Dynamics of Commercial Health Care in the Lebanon
Public health systems worldwide have experienced rapid commercialization conflicting with the socially based values of public provision. The ideological rationale underpinning these changes combines claims of market efficiency with a notion of ‘consumer’ interests that may be better served by markets than state health services (World Bank 1993; Newbrander 1997). This neoliberal paradigm has to a considerable extent usurped and transformed the notion of ‘the public’ and of ‘civil society’ into a collection of individual consumers and providers.
KeywordsPrivate Insurance Health Expenditure Mutual Fund Public Provision Public Health Expenditure
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