International Migration of Health Care Staff: Extent and Policy Responses, with Illustrations from Ghana
International health care staff migration, and appropriate global and local policy responses, are major topics of international health policy debate (Stilwell et al. 2004; WHO 2004a, 2004b; Buchan and Sochalski 2004). The research literature on migration focuses strongly on economic motivations of both migrant and employer, as well as the costs to low income countries of origin, while being largely silent on the role of broader health services commercialization and trade in driving health professionals’ migration (Wibulpolprasert et al. 2004). This chapter examines health care staff migration from a mainly developing country perspective, drawing examples from Ghana, a country which has lost a high proportion of its doctors and nurses and in which there is active debate about local and international response (Sagoe 2001; Ghana Health Service 2002).
KeywordsInternational Migration Source Country Brain Drain Health Care Staff Global Policy
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