Young Adults Entering the Workforce in Switzerland: Working Conditions and Well-Being
The ‘JEQJJAS’ study is about young adults entering the workforce after vocational training in five different occupations. Participants reported data on working conditions and well-being in the last year of vocational training and after one, two, and four years of professional experience. Both with respect to well-being and working conditions, the transition and the first years in the job were characterized by considerable stability; where there was change, it was mostly for the better. There were, however, differences between occupations. for instance, nurses reported comparatively high levels of stress, low levels of job control and high social support. Changing employer showed, on average, positive effects. Change of profession, however, often resulted in better working conditions but indicators of well-being remained unchanged. Besides levels of stress, social support, and job control, appreciation received at work emerged as a key factor for occupational health. The overall pattern of results indicates that the Swiss system of vocational training prepares well for the transition into ‘normal’ work.
KeywordsSocial Support Vocational Training Work Characteristic Task Stressor Language Difference
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