Employment through Labour Market Flexibility? A Critical Appraisal of the European Employment Strategy
Over the last two decades, labour market policies in Europe have been strongly inspired by the doctrine that persistent unemployment mainly arises from malfunctions in the labour market itself.1 In various ways, the flexibility of labour markets has been advocated as the main solution to unemployment. The call for flexibility typically includes demands for downward wage flexibility, easier hiring and firing, flexible changes of tasks and working conditions and higher labour mobility across regions, industries and occupations.
KeywordsLabour Market Trade Union Real Wage Labour Market Policy Labour Productivity Growth
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