European Integration (1974–2004): towards a Neo-liberal Zone
The course of European integration gradually evolved as it came to concern more and more European countries with different background and history. It started from a communitarian project to ensure peace and prosperity after the Second World War to become a project mainly expressed in terms of market liberalization. This turn was induced by the outbreak of the economic crisis of the 1970s. Soon the release of market forces became the only principle of this union and regional integration was presented as a means to adjust to a more global and marketed world. This chapter shows how this turn came about.
KeywordsEconomic Crisis Europe Income Assure Stake
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Balassa, B., The Theory of Economic Integration (Homewood, Ill.: Richard Irwin, 1961).Google Scholar
- Boyer, R., M. Dehove and D. Plihon, Les crises financières: analyse et propositions, Conseil d’Analyse Économique, No. 50 (Paris: Documentation Française, 2004).Google Scholar
- European Commission, ‘The Economics of 1992’, Cecchini report, European Economy, No. 35 (March 1988).Google Scholar
- European Commission, European Economy, No. 71 (Luxembourg, 2000).Google Scholar
- European Commission, European Economy, No. 6 (Luxembourg, 2003).Google Scholar
- Dertouzos, M., R. Lester and R. Solow, Made in America: Regaining the Productive Edge (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989).Google Scholar
- Heribert, D. and R. Higgott, ‘Exploring Alternative Theories of Economic Regionalism: from Trade to Finance in Asian Co-operation’, CSGR working paper, No. 89/02 (2002).Google Scholar
- Marglin, S. A. and J. B. Schor (eds), The Golden Age of Capitalism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).Google Scholar
- Rowthorn, R. and K. Coutts, ‘De-industrialization and the Balance of Payments in Advanced Economies’, UNCTAD Discussion Papers, No. 170 (May 2004).Google Scholar
- Rowthorn, R. and J. Wells, De-industrialisation and Foreign Trade (Cambridge: CUP, 1987).Google Scholar
- Werner, P., Interim Report on the Establishment by Stages of Economic and Monetary Union — ‘Werner Report’ (20 May 1970), Bulletin of the European Communities, Supplement 7/1970.Google Scholar