Conclusion: The Politics of Freedom, Security and Justice in the Enlarging EU

  • Heather Grabbe
Part of the One Europe or Several? book series (OES)


The chapters in this book highlight the dilemmas faced by the enlarging EU in trying to achieve greater freedom, security and justice for nearly half a billion citizens. The case studies presented in this volume show how difficult the new members of the Union have found it to deal with the EU’s burgeoning agenda in justice and home affairs (JHA), but also how this challenge has intersected with their growing domestic problems with crime, immigration pressures and internal security threats. Sometimes the EU’s agenda for JHA cooperation has helped them to tackle these problems, but often it has complicated policy making. And the introduction of a huge new agenda in the last four years or so of the accession negotiations — as a result of the EU’s parallel development of the ‘area of freedom, security and justice’ (AFSJ) — certainly made membership more demanding to achieve.


Member State Organize Crime Internal Security Arrest Warrant Home Affair 
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  1. 2.
    See H. Grabbe, ‘Regulating the Flow of People across Europe’, in F. Schimmelfennig and U. Sedelmeier (eds), The Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, forthcoming 2005).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Asylum Levels and Trends: Europe and non-European Industrialized Countries, 2003 (Geneva: UNHCR, 24 February 2004).Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

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  • Heather Grabbe

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