Introduction: Looking Beyond the Walls

  • Ruth Finnegan


In its consideration of the remarkable extent and variety of non-university researchers, this book takes a broader view of ‘knowledge’ and ‘research’ than in many current discussions about today’s knowledge society, ‘learning age’, or organisation of research. It goes beyond the commonly held image of ‘knowledge’ as something produced and owned by the full-time experts to take a look at those engaged in active knowledge building outside the university walls.


Knowledge Production Knowledge Creation Intellectual Capital Independent Researcher Knowledge Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barth, Fredrik (2002) ‘An anthropology of knowledge’, Current Anthropology 43, 1: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bligh, D., Thomas, H. and McNay, I. (1999) Understanding Higher Education, Exeter: Intellect.Google Scholar
  3. Booth, Wayne (1999) For the Love of It: Amateuring and Its Rivals, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, J.S. and Duguid, P. (2002) The Social Life of Information, Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  5. Burke, Peter (2000) A Social History of Knowledge, from Gutenberg to Diderot, Oxford: Polity.Google Scholar
  6. Castells, Manuel (2004) ‘Universities and cities in a world of global networks’, Sir Robert Birley Lecture, City University London, available at Scholar
  7. Chapman, Allan (1998) The Victorian Amateur Astronomer: Independent Astronomical Research in Britain 1820–1920, Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Chapman, Allan (2004) Mary Somerville and the World of Science, Bristol: Canopus.Google Scholar
  9. Delanty, Gerard (2001) Challenging Knowledge: The University in the Knowledge Society, Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Eraut, Michael (1994) Developing Professional Knowledge and Competence, London: Falmer.Google Scholar
  11. Ferris, T. (2002) Seeing in the Dark: How Backyard Stargazers are Probing Deep Space and Guarding Earth from Interplanetary Peril, London: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  12. Fuller, Steve (1997) ‘Life in the knowledge society: A case of some really artificial intelligence’, Theory, Culture & Society 14, 1: 143–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fuller, Steve (2000) The Governance of Science: Ideology and the Future of the Open Society, Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Fuller, Steve (2002) Knowledge Management Foundations, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  15. Gaudillière, J.-P. and Löwy, I. (eds) (1998) The Invisible Industrialist: Manufactures and the Production of Scientific Knowledge, Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  16. Gieryn, T.F. (1999) Cultural Boundaries of Science, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. and Trow, M. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  18. Gross, Ronald and Gross, Beatrice (1983) Independent Scholarship: Promise, Problems, and Prospects, New York: College Board.Google Scholar
  19. Harvey, A.D. (2002) ‘5* means nothing off campus’, The Times Higher 25 January.Google Scholar
  20. HEFCE (2004) Council Briefing 54, Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.Google Scholar
  21. Himanen, P. (2001) The Hacker Ethic, London: Secker and Warburg.Google Scholar
  22. Jacoby, Russell (2000) The Last Intellectuals. American Culture in the Age of Academe, 2nd edn, New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  23. Jarvis, Peter (2001) Learning in Later Life, London: Kogan Page.Google Scholar
  24. Kuklick, H. and Kohler, R.E. (eds) (1996) Science in the Field, special issue, Osiris Second Series 11.Google Scholar
  25. Leadbeater, Charles and Miller, Paul (2004) The Pro-Am Revolution: How Enthusiasts are Changing our Economy and Society, London: Demos, online Scholar
  26. McCarthy, E.D. (1996) Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. McNair, S. (1997) ‘Is there a crisis? Does it matter?’, in Barnett, Ronald and Griffin, Anne (eds) The End of Knowledge in Higher Education, London: Cassell.Google Scholar
  28. Mims, Forrest M. III (1999) ‘Amateur science – strong tradition, bright future’, Science 284, 2 April: 55–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nowotny, H., Scott, P. and Gibbons, M. (2001) Rethinking Science: Knowledge and the Public in an Age of Uncertainty, Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  30. Percy, J.R. and Wilson, J.B. (eds) (2000) Amateur-Professional Partnerships in Astronomy, San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific.Google Scholar
  31. Roberts, Gareth (2003) Review of Research Assessment: Report by Sir Gareth Roberts to the UK Funding Bodies, Scholar
  32. Scott, Peter (ed.) (2000) Higher Education Re-formed, London: Falmer.Google Scholar
  33. Scott, Peter (2004) ‘Prospects for knowledge work: Critical engagement or expert conscription?’, New Formations 53: 28–40.Google Scholar
  34. Secord, A. (1996) ‘Artisan botany’, in Jardine, N., Secord, J.A. and Spary, E.C. (eds) Cultures of Natural History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Stebbins, Robert A. (1992) Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Stebbins, Robert A. (2001) New Directions in the Theory and Research of Serious Leisure, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  37. Strand, K., Marullo, S., Cutforth, N., Stoecker, R. and Donohue, P. (2003) Community-Based Research and Higher Education: Principles and Practices, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  38. Swidler, Ann and Arditi, Jorge (1994) ‘The new sociology of knowledge’, Annual Review of Sociology 20: 305–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Thomas, Keith (2002) ‘The life of learning’, Proceedings of the British Academy 117: 201–35.Google Scholar
  40. Tuomi, I. (2002) Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Uglow, Jenny (2002) The Lunar Men, London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  42. Warner, D. and Palfreyman, D. (eds) (2001) The State of UK Higher Education: Managing Change and Diversity, Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Webster, Frank (2002) Theories of the Information Society, 2nd edn, London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Webster, Frank (ed.) (2004) The Information Society Reader, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  45. Wells, Gordon (2002) ‘Inquiry as an orientation for learning, teaching and teacher education’, in Wells, Gordon and Claxton, Guy (eds) Learning for Life in the 21st Century, Oxford: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Whitley, Richard (2000) The Intellectual and Social Organization of the Sciences, 2nd edn, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Winchester, Simon (1998) The Surgeon of Crowthorne. A Tale of Murder, Madness and the Love of Words, London: Viking.Google Scholar
  48. Winchester, Simon (2003) The Meaning of Everything: The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ruth Finnegan 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Finnegan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations