Prospects for Sustainable Peace and Post-Conflict Economic Growth in the Sudan

  • Ali Abdel Gadir Ali
  • Ibrahim A. Elbadawi
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


The Sudan is defined by conflict, having suffered more than thirty-seven years of civil war since independence in 1956, interrupted only by an uneasy peace from 1972 to 1983. Historical, social and geographical factors have all contributed to the nature and duration of the conflict. Socially diverse, Sudan is characterized by the religious and cultural dominance of the Arab and Arabized Muslim majority from the north of the country. Ali, Elbadawi and El-Batahani (2002) argue that this divide was further polarized by colonial policy insulating the south from the north, pending its proposed integration into East Africa. This policy was reversed less than ten years before independence, and at the time of writing, remains marginalized from the political, economic and social developments of the north.


Democratic Transition External Intervention Peace Process Social Polarization Cent Share 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ali, A. A. G. (2002a) ‘Economic Growth and Growth Prospects in Sudan’, background paper prepared for a World Bank country economic memorandum on Sudan (mimeo).Google Scholar
  2. Ali, A. A. G. (2002b) ‘Diversification and Structural Transformation of an Agrarian Economy: The Case of Sudan’, in Arab Planning Institute and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), Diversification Experience in the Arab World (Beirut: ESCWA).Google Scholar
  3. Ali, A. A. G. and I. Elbadawi (2002) Explaining Sudan’s Economic Growth Performance (Nairobi: African Economic Research Consortium).Google Scholar
  4. Ali, A. A. G., I. Elbadawi and A. El-Batahani (2002) ‘On the Causes, Consequences and Resolution of the Civil War in Sudan’, paper presented at the Yale University-World Bank Workshop on ‘The Economics of Political and Criminal Violence’.Google Scholar
  5. Alier, A. (1990) Southern Sudan: Too Many Agreements Dishonoured (Exeter: Ithaca Press).Google Scholar
  6. Barro, R. and J.-W. Lee (2000) ‘International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications’, Center for International Development working paper no. 42 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bigombe, B., P. Collier and N. Sambanis (2000) ‘Policies for Building Post-Conflict Peace’, Journal of African Economies, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 323–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (1998) ‘On the Economic Consequences of Civil War’, Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 563–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collier, P., A. Hoeffler and M. Söderbom (1999) On the Duration of Civil War (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  10. Doyle, M. and N. Sambanis (2000) ‘International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis’, American Political Science Review, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 779–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Eifert, B., A. Gelb and N. Tallroth (2002) ‘The Political Economy of Fiscal Policy and Economic Management in Oil Exporting Countries’, World Bank, Washington, DC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  12. Elbadawi, I. (1999) ‘The Tragedy of the Civil War in the Sudan and Its Economic Implications’, in K. Wohlmuth, A. Gutowski, E. Grawert and M. Wauschkuhn (eds), African Development Perspectives Yearbook 1999: Empowerment and Economic Development in Africa (London: LIT Verlag).Google Scholar
  13. Elbadawi, I. (2002) ‘Reviving Growth in the Arab World’, World Bank, Washington, DC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  14. Elbadawi, I. and N. Sambanis (2000) ‘External Interventions and the Duration of Civil Wars’, World Bank Working Paper (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  15. Elbadawi, I. and N. Sambanis (2001) ‘How Much War Will We See? Explaining the Prevalence of Civil War’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 307–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gallup, J. L. and J. Sachs (1998) ‘Geography and Economic Growth’, in B. Pleskovic and J. E. Stiglitz (eds), Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics 1998 (Washington, DC: The World Bank).Google Scholar
  17. International Crisis Group (2002a) Capturing the Moment: Sudan’s Peace Process in the Balance, Africa Report No. 42 (Brussels: International Crisis Group).Google Scholar
  18. International Crisis Group (2002b) God, Oil and Country: Changing the Logic of War in Sudan, Africa Report No. 39 (Brussels: International Crisis Group).Google Scholar
  19. Regan, P. (2000) Civil Wars and Foreign Powers: Interventions and Intrastate Conflict (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Abdel Gadir Ali
  • Ibrahim A. Elbadawi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations