The Economics of Civil Conflict in Africa: The Case of Chad

  • Nadjiounoum Djimtoingar
  • Djona Atchénémou Avocksouma
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)

Abstract

As several authors have pointed out (Collier and Hoeffler, 1998, 1999, 2002; Collier, Elbadawi and Sambanis 2000; De Soysa, 2002; Sambanis, 2002) political and economic shortcomings constitute the basis for civil war. This chapter applies these ideas to Chad, leading up to the outbreak of civil war in 1979, and shows how the conflict had an impact on the subsequent development of Chad’s economy. At the time of writing, petroleum is beginning to flow but conflict continues, the causes of which endure.

Keywords

Petroleum Uranium Income Expense Lost 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bétoudji, D. A. (2003) ‘Les Causes de la Périnnisation de la Guerre Civil au Tchad’, Le Temps, no. 337, 12–18 March.Google Scholar
  2. Beyern, R. (2000) Tchad: l’Ambivalence Culturelle et l’Intégration National (Paris: L’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  3. Bouquet, C. (ed.) (1982) Tchad: Genèse d’un Conflit (Paris: L’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  4. Cabot, J. (1982) ‘Postface’, in C. Bouquet (ed.) Tchad: Genèse d’un Conflit (Paris: l’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  5. Centre Culturel Al-Mouna (1996) Tchad: Conflit Nord-Sud Mythe ou Réalité? (Paris: Editions Sépia).Google Scholar
  6. Charreaux, G. (1998) ‘Le Rôle de la Confiance dans le Système de Gouvernance d’Entreprise’, in Économies et Sociétés, Sciences de Gestion, série S.G. no. 25, no. 8–9/1998, pp. 47–65.Google Scholar
  7. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (1998) ‘On Economic Causes of Civil War’, Oxford Economic Papers, no. 50, pp. 563–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (1999) ‘Loot-Seeking and Justice-Seeking in Civil War’, World Bank, Washington, DC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  9. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (2002) ‘On the Incidence of Civil War in Africa’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 13–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collier, P., I. Elbadawi and N. Sambanis (2000) ‘How Much War Will We See? Estimating the Likelihood and Amount of War in 161 Countries, 1960–1998’, World Bank, Washington, DC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  11. Dadi, A. (1987) Tchad: LÉ tat Retrouvé (Paris: L’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  12. De Soysa, I. (2002) ‘Paradise is a Bazaar? Greed, Creed and Governance in Civil War, 1989–99’, Journal of Peace Research, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 395–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Diguimbaye, G. (1969) L’Essor du Tchad (Paris: Presse Universitaires France).Google Scholar
  14. Frémeaux, P. (1973) La Rébellion Tchadienne (Paris: Université de Paris).Google Scholar
  15. Fukuyama, F. (1995) Trust: The Social Virtues and Creation of Prosperity (New York: The Free Press).Google Scholar
  16. Gali, N. G. (1985) Tchad: Guerre Civile et Désagrégation de l’Etat (Paris: Présence Africaine).Google Scholar
  17. Gomez, P. Y. (1996) Le Gouvernement de l’Entreprise (Paris: Interéditions).Google Scholar
  18. Goual, N. (1995) 300 Dates de l’Histoire du Tchad (N’Djamena: Centre d’Étude et de Formation pour le Développement).Google Scholar
  19. Grellet, G. (1982) Les Structures Economiques de l’Afrique Noire (Paris: Presse Universitaires France).Google Scholar
  20. Khayar, H. I. (1976) Le Refus de l’Ecole (Paris: Librairie d’Amérique et d’Orient).Google Scholar
  21. Magnant, J. P. (1986) La Terre Sara, Terre Tchadienne (Paris: L’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  22. Michalon, T. (1979) ‘L’Echec de la Greffe Jacobine’, Le Monde Diplomatique, April.Google Scholar
  23. Ndikumana, L. (1998) ‘Institutional Failure and Ethnie Conflicts in Burundi’, African Studies Review, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 29–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ndikumana, L. (2000) ‘Towards a Solution to Violence in Burundi: A Case for Political and Economic Liberalization’, Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 431–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sambanis, N. (2002) ‘A Review of Recent Advances and Future Directions in the Quantitative Literature on Civil War’, Defence and Peace Economics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 215–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Teisserenc, P. (1972) De la Communauté Ethnique à la Communauté Nationale: Les Lycées d’Abéché et de Sarh (Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études).Google Scholar
  27. UNDP (1999) Gouvernance et Gestion des Conflits au Tchad (New York: United Nations Development Programme).Google Scholar
  28. UNDP (2000) National Human Development Report for Chad 2000 (N’Djamena: United Nations Development Programme).Google Scholar
  29. World Bank (1997) Tchad: Evaluation de la Pauvreté: Les Obstacles au Développement Rural, report no. 16567-cd (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  30. Ziegler, J. (1978) Main Basse sur l’Afrique (Paris: Editions du Seuil).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadjiounoum Djimtoingar
  • Djona Atchénémou Avocksouma

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations