Ethnicity, Institutions of Governance and Conflict Avoidance

  • Mwangi S. Kimenyi
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


Of the many challenges facing Africans, the establishment of durable peace is probably the most critical, yet the most difficult to achieve. According to some estimates, one-fifth of the people on the continent live in countries involved in conflict. It is now well established that conflicts in Africa have been a major hindrance to the improvement of the wellbeing of Africans (World Bank, 2000). In addition to costs such as loss of life, injuries and the general disruption of economic and social activities (Stewart, 2000; and Elbadawi and Ndungu, 2001), investment flows are damaged as a result of the increased risk premium. They have an impact on human development by disrupting investment in human capital and the provision of basic services, and increasing mortality rates.


Ethnic Group Collective Choice Thematic Issue Wealth Transfer Ethnic Conflict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Borner, S. and M. Paldam (1998) The Political Dimension of Economic Growth, IEA Conference vol. 119 (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  2. Brough, W. T. and M. S. Kimenyi (1986) ‘On the Inefficient Extraction of Rents by Dictators’, Public Choice, vol. 48, pp. 37–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchanan, J. M. (1965) ‘An Economic Theory of Clubs’, Economica, vol. 32, pp. S1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burki, S., G. Perry and W. Dillinger (1999) Beyond the Centre: Decentralizing the State (Washington, DC: World Bank).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cobbah, J. A. M. (1988) ‘Toward a Geography of Peace in Africa: Redefining Sub State Self-Determination Rights’ in R. J. Johnson, D. B. Knight and E. Kofman (eds), Nationalism, Self-Determination, and Political Geography (London: Croom Helm).Google Scholar
  6. Collier, P. (1999) ‘Doing Well Out of War’, Paper prepared for the Conference on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars, London, 26–27 April.Google Scholar
  7. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (1998) ‘On Economic Causes of Civil War’, Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 50, pp. 563–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (2001) Greed and Grievance in Civil War (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  9. Collier, P., A. Hoeffler and M. Soderbom (1999) On the Duration of Civil War (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  10. Deng, F. M. (1997) ‘Ethnicity — An African Predicament’, Brookings Review, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 28–31 (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elbadawi, I. A. and N. S. Ndungu (2001) ‘The Economics of Civil Wars and Post-Conflict Recovery’, Paper presented at the Development Economic Research Group Conference, University of California, May (mimeo).Google Scholar
  12. Frey, B. and R. Eichenberger (1999) ‘A New Proposal for Federalism and Democracy in Developing Countries’, in M. S. Kimenyi and J. M. Mbaku (eds), Institutions and Collective Choice in Developing Countries (Aldershot: Ashgate).Google Scholar
  13. Horowitz, D. (1985) Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  14. Kimenyi, M. S. (1989) ‘Interest Groups, Transfer Seeking and Democratization: Competition for the Benefits of Government Power May Explain African Political Instability’, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol. 48, pp. 339–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kimenyi, M. S. (1997a) Ethnic Diversity, Liberty and the State: The African Dilemma, The Shaftesbury Papers No. 12 (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  16. Kimenyi, M. S. (1997b) ‘Redrawing Africa’s Borders: Logical Foundations for Consensual Units of Collective Choice’, Department of Economics, University of Connecticut. (mimeo).Google Scholar
  17. Kimenyi, M. S. (1997c) ‘Ethnic Rent-Seeking and Optimal Integration’, Department of Economics, University of Connecticut (mimeo).Google Scholar
  18. Kimenyi, M. S. (1998) ‘Harmonizing Ethnic Claims in Africa. A Proposal for Ethnic Based Federalism’, Cato Journal, vol. 18, no.1, pp. 43–63.Google Scholar
  19. Kimenyi, M. S. (1999) ‘Spatial Competition, Ethnicity, and the Optimal Size and Composition of Units of Collective Choice’, in M. S. Kimenyi and J. M. Mbaku (eds) Institutions and Collective Choice in Developing Countries (Aldershot: Ashgate).Google Scholar
  20. Kimenyi, M. S. (2001) ‘Institution of Governance and Ethnic Conflict in Africa: A Positive View of Ethnic Governments’, Development Economic Research Group Conference, University of California, May 2001 (mimeo).Google Scholar
  21. Kimenyi, M. S. and J. M. Mbaku (1995) ‘Democratization in Africa: The Continuing Struggle’, Coexistence, vol. 32, pp. 119–36.Google Scholar
  22. Kimenyi, M. S. and W. F. Shughart (1989) ‘Political Successions and the Growth of Government’, Public Choice, vol. 62, pp. 173–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Landa, J. T. (1994) Trust, Ethnicity and Identity (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press).Google Scholar
  24. Little, K. (1957) ‘The Role of Voluntary Associations in West African Urbanization’, in P. L. Van den Berghe (ed.), Africa: Social Problems of Change and Conflict (San Francisco: Chandler).Google Scholar
  25. Murungi, K. (1995) Ethnicity and Multi-Partysim in Kenya (Nairobi: Kenya Human Rights Commission).Google Scholar
  26. Roback, J. (1991) ‘Plural but Equal: Group Identity and Voluntary Integration’, Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 60–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stewart, F. (2000) ‘Civil Wars in Sub-Saharan Africa: Counting the Economic and Social Cost’ in D. Ghai (ed.) Renewing Social and Economic Progress in Africa (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  28. World Bank (2000) Can Africa Claim the 21st Century? (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mwangi S. Kimenyi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations