The Economic and Political Consequences of Conflict and Implications for Post-Conflict Recovery in Africa

  • Ibrahim A. Elbadawi
  • Njuguna S. Ndung’u
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) one in every five people is directly affected by civil war. So it is not surprising that a recent multi-agency report on the prospects of Africa’s development identifies the task of overcoming the conflict-poverty trap as the most basic and most serious challenge facing sub-Saharan Africa at the time of writing (World Bank, 2000).1 The essence of this trap is not only reflected by the bi-causal relationship between growth (and hence poverty) and the risk of conflict, but also has pivotal linkages with other fundamental variables necessary for post-conflict economic recovery.


Real Exchange Rate Government Consumption Private Investment Public Investment Money Demand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Azam, J.-P. (2001) ‘The Redistributive State and Conflicts in Africa’, Journal of Peace Research, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 429–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burnside, C. and D. Dollar (2000) ‘Aid, Policy and Growth’, American Economic Review, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 847–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Collier, P. (1999) ‘On the Economic Consequences of Civil War’, Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 168–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Collier, P. and D. Dollar (1999) ‘Aid Allocation and Poverty Reduction’, World Bank Policy Research working paper no. 2041, World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  5. Collier, P. and J. W. Gunning (1995) ‘War, Peace and Private Portfolios’, World Development, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 233–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (1998) ‘On the Economic Causes of Civil War’; Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 563–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (2001) ‘Greed and Grievance in Civil war’, working paper no. 2355, World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  8. Collier, P., A. Hoeffler and C. Pattillo (1999) ‘Flight Capital as a Portfolio Choice’, World Bank Policy Research, paper no. 2066, World Bank, Washington, DC.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collier, P., A. Hoeffler and M. Söderbom (2002) ‘On the Duration of Civil War’, World Bank, Washington, DC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  10. Elbadawi, I. A. and N. Ndung’u (2000) ‘External Indebtedness, Growth and Investment in Conflict and Post-Conflict Countries’, paper presented to World Bank Conference ‘The Economics of Political Violence’.Google Scholar
  11. Elbadawi, I. A. and N. Ndung’u (2001) ‘The Economics of Civil Wars and Post-Conflict Recovery’, paper presented at World Bank Conference ‘Civil Wars and Post-Conflict Transitions’.Google Scholar
  12. Elbadawi, I. A. and N. Sambanis (2001) ‘How Much War Will We See? Explaining the Prevalence of Civil War’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 307–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Elbadawi, I. A., B. Ndulu and N. Ndung’u (1997) ‘Debt Overhang and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa’ in Z. Iqbal and R. Kanbur (eds), External Finance for Low-Income Countries (Washington DC: International Monetary Fund).Google Scholar
  14. Gleditsch, N. P. and H. Hegre (1997) ‘Peace and Democracy: Three Levels of Analysis’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 283–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Small, M and J. D. Singer (1994) ‘Correlates of War Project: International and Civil War Data 1816–1992, Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research, Ann Arbor, Ml.Google Scholar
  16. World Bank (2000) Can Africa Claim the 21st Century? (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  17. World Bank (2001) World Development Indicators (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim A. Elbadawi
  • Njuguna S. Ndung’u

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations