If People were Money

Estimating the Gains and Scope of Free Migration
  • Jonathon W. Moses
  • Bjørn Letnes
Part of the Studies in Development Economics and Policy book series (SDEP)


‘If people were money … ’: this is the provocative title to Robert Goodin’s opening salvo in an edited collection entitled Free Movement. In raising this hypothetical question, Goodin’s intent (and that of the edited volume that followed) was to provoke a moral debate about the way in which the developed world has been inconsistent in prioritizing international financial capital mobility while limiting international labour mobility.


Foreign Direct Investment Income Inequality International Migration Efficiency Gain Official Development Assistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abramovitz, M. (1979). ‘Rapid Growth Potential and Its Realization: The Experience of the Capitalist Economies in the Postwar Period’, in E. Malinvaud (ed.), Economic Growth and Resources, Vol. 1, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Abramovitz, M. (1986). ‘Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind’, Journal of Economic History, 46: 385–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Acemoglu, D. and F. Zilibotti (2001). ‘Productivity Differences’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116: 563–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bairoch, P. (1971). The Economic Development of the Third World Since 1900, London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  5. Bairoch, P. (1982). ‘International Industrialization Levels from 1750 to 1980’, Journal of European Economic History, 2: 268–333.Google Scholar
  6. Bordo, M. D., B. Eichengreen and D. A. Irwin (1999). ‘Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization a Hundred Years Ago?’, NBER Working Paper, No. 7195, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Available at: Scholar
  7. Borjas, G. J. (1995). ‘The Economic Benefits from Immigration’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9, Spring: 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Borjas, G. J. (1999). Heaven’s Door, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Coppel, J., J.-C. Dumont and I. Visco (2001). ‘Trends in Immigration and Economic Consequences’, OECD Economic Working Papers, No. 284, Paris: OECD.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Firebaugh, G. (1999). ‘Empirics of World Income Inequality’, American Journal of Sociology, 104, May: 1597–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gerschenkron, A. (1952). ‘Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective’, in B. F. Hoselitz (ed.), The Progress of Underdeveloped Areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gollin, D. (2002). ‘Getting Income Shares Right’, Journal of Political Economy, 110: 458–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goodin. R. E. (1992). ‘If People Were Money …’, in B. Barry and R. E. Goodin (eds), Free Movement, University Park, PA: Penn State University Press: 6–22.Google Scholar
  14. Hamermesh, D. S. (1993). Labor Demand. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Hamilton, B. and J. Whalley (1984). ‘Efficiency and Distributional Implications of Global Restrictions on Labour Mobility: Calculations of Policy Implications’, Journal of Development Economics, 14: 61–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harris, N. (2000). ‘Should Europe End Immigration Controls? A Polemic’, The European Journal of Development Research, 12(1): 98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hatton, T. J. and J. G. Williamson (1994). ‘International Migration 1850–1939: An Economic Survey’, in T. Hatton and J. Williamson (eds), Migration and the International Labour Market, 1850–1939, London: Routledge: 3–34.Google Scholar
  18. Hatton, T. J. and J. G. Williamson (1998). The Age of Mass Migration. Causes and Economic Impact, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. ILO (1998). Yearbook of Labour Statistics, ILO: Geneva.Google Scholar
  20. IMF (1999). Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, Part I, Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
  21. IMF (2002). ‘Debt Relief for Poor Countries (HIPC)’, Fact sheet, Washington, DC: IMF. Available at: Accessed 16 January 2003.Google Scholar
  22. James, H. (2001). The End of Globalization, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Kuznets, S. (1966). Modern Economic Growth: Rate, Structure and Spread, London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Kuznets, S. (1971). Economic Growth of Nations, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Letnes, B. (2002). ‘Foreign Direct Investment and Human Rights: An Ambiguous Relationship’, Forum for Development Studies, 29(1): 33–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lucas, R. E. B. (2004). ‘International Migration Regimes and Economic Development’, Report commissioned for the Swedish Foreign Ministry’s Expert Group on Development Issues. Available at Scholar
  27. Maddison, A. (1982). Phases of Capitalist Development, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Maddison, A. (1991). Dynamic Forces in Capitalist Development, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Maddison, A. (1995). Monitoring the World Economy 1820–1992, Paris: OECD Development Centre.Google Scholar
  30. Melchior, A., K. Telle and H. Wiig (2000). ‘Globalization and Inequality. World Income Distribution and Living Standards, 1960–1998’, Studies on Foreign Policy Issues Report 6B, Oslo: Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Available at: Scholar
  31. Moses, J. W. and B. Letnes (2004). ‘The Economic Costs of International Labour Restrictions: Revisiting the Empirical Discussion’, World Development, 32(10): 1609–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nadiri, M. I. (1997). ‘Some Approaches to the Theory and Measurement of Total Factor Productivity: A Survey’, in E. N. Wolff (ed.), The Economics of Productivity, Vol. I, Cheltenham: Elgar: 95–135.Google Scholar
  33. O’Rourke, K. H. and J. G. Williamson (1999). Globalization and History, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  34. OECD (2001a). ‘Table 1: Net Official Development Assistance Flows in 2001’, Paris: OECD. Available at: Accessed 16 January 2003.Google Scholar
  35. OECD (2001b). ‘A Mixed Picture of Official Development Assistance in 2001’, Paris: OECD. Available at: Accessed 16 January 2003.Google Scholar
  36. Pritchett, L. (1995). ‘Divergence, Big Time’, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 1522, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  37. Sachs, J. and M. Warner (1995). ‘Economic Convergence and Economic Policies’, NBER Working Paper, No. 50389, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sala-i-Martin, X. (2002). ‘The Disturbing “Rise” of Global Income Inequality’, NBER Working Paper, No. 8904, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Available at: Scholar
  39. Sheehey, E. J. (1996). ‘The Growing Gap between Rich and Poor Countries: A Proposed Explanation’, World Development Report, 24(8): 1379–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Simon, J. (1999). Economic Consequences of Immigration, 2nd edn, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  41. Turner, D., C. Giorno, A. De Serres, A. Vourc’h and P. Richardson (1998) ‘The Macroeconomic Implications of Ageing in a Global Context’, OECD Economics Department Working Paper, No. 193, Paris: OECD.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. UN Population Division (UNPD) (2001). ‘World Population Prospects: The 2000 Revision. Vol. III’. Available at: wpp2000wpp2000volume3.htm.Google Scholar
  43. UNCTAD (1997). Trade and Development Report 1997, Geneva: UNCTAD.Google Scholar
  44. UNDP (1992). Global Dimensions of Human Development. Human Development Report 1992, Paris: UNDP.Google Scholar
  45. UNDP (1999). Human Development Report 1999, New York: Oxford University Press for UNDP. Available at: Scholar
  46. UNDP (2000). ‘Linking Countries’ International Policies to Poverty’, UNDP Poverty Report 2000. Overcoming Human Poverty, ch. 4. Available at: chapters/chap4.html. Accessed 15 January 2003.Google Scholar
  47. World Bank (2000). World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty, Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© United Nations University — World Institute for Development Economics Research 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathon W. Moses
  • Bjørn Letnes

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations