The Norwegian Army-in-Exile

  • Christopher Mann

Abstract

This chapter examines the experience of the army of the Norwegian Government-in-Exile and their relationship with the British political and military authorities in the Second World War. It was a process that expanded and equipped the small number of defeated Norwegians that escaped to Britain in June 1940 into a force that could participate usefully in Norway’s liberation in May 1945. Given the dire condition of what remained of Norway’s military resources in the summer of 1940 this was a turn around of considerable proportions. Nonetheless the Army came low down on the list of the Norwegian Government’s priorities, which preferred to concentrate on the navy and air force. Also the fact that Norway lay far from the route taken across the continent by the armies of the Western Allies, meant that the Army had few opportunities to make any significant contribution to the Allied victory. Therefore, the experience of the Second World War for the bulk of the Norwegian Army in exile was characterized accurately by one Norwegian soldier as ‘sitting on my arse in Scotland and going on manoeuvres’.1

Keywords

Europe Shipping Fishing Dinated 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. François Kersaudy, Norway: 1940 (London: Arrow, 1990), pp. 179–81.Google Scholar
  2. David Thompson, ‘Norwegian Military Policy, 1905–40: A Critical Appraisal and Review of the Literature’, The Journal of Military History, 61(3), (1997), p. 517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Olav Riste, ‘Relations Between the Norwegian Government in Exile and the British Government’, in Patrick Salmon (ed.), Britain and Norway in the Second World War (London: HMSO, 1995), pp. 40–1.Google Scholar
  4. Hans Fredrik Dahl, Quisling: A Study in Treachery (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 180, 190–1.Google Scholar
  5. Johannes Andenæs, Olav Riste and Magne Skodvin, Norway and the Second World War (Oslo: Aschehoug, 1966), pp. 96–7.Google Scholar
  6. Johan Nygaardsvold, Norge i Krig: London 1940–45 (Oslo: Tiden, 1982), p. 228.Google Scholar
  7. J. S. Wilson, Norwegian Section History 1940–45 (unpublished, 1945), p. 17 Norges Hjemmefrontmuseum (NHM – Norwegian Resistance Museum).Google Scholar
  8. Olav Riste, London-regjeringa, I. 1940–42: Prøvetid, 2nd edition (Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1995), p. 177.Google Scholar
  9. Sir Frederick Morgan, Peace and War (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1961), p. 175.Google Scholar
  10. Jakob Sverdrup, Inn i storpolitikken, 1940–49 (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1996), p. 169.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Mann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations