Advertisement

From a ‘Multinational Republic’ to ‘The Promised Land’: Journals and Unification

  • Karoline von Oppen
Part of the New Perspectives in German Studies book series (NPG)

Abstract

Ingrid Laurien has characterised the role of journals in contemporary intellectual and political life as follows:

It can be observed that turning points in the political and cultural development of the Federal Republic also represent turning points in periodicals. The influence of political and cultural journals may be limited. They cannot perhaps significantly influence developments but they can analyse and comment upon these, and uncover trends.1

Journals may no longer change history but they do change with history. The contrast with the nineteenth century could not be greater. In studies of the unification of Germany in 1871 scholars have examined cultural and political journals and, despite their tiny circulation figures, have happily attributed enormous influence to them.2 Since that point the changing public sphere has brought about a dramatic decline in the influence of journals in favour of the all-powerful mass media of the present-day. In analyses of the reunification of 1989–90, studies have therefore tended to focus on individuals, tracing their publications through the feuilleton, rather than on whole journals.

Keywords

Creative Writer German Nation Righteous Anger Literary Sphere European Union Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Ingrid Laurien, ‘Zeitschriftenland Bundesrepublik’, L80: Zeitschnft fur Literatur und Politik, 46 (1988), pp. 107–26, here p. 126.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A title such as the following is almost unthinkable today: Michael Thormann, ‘Fur die “nationale Halfte des Bewusstseins°: Der Beitrag der Grenzboten zur kleindeutschen Nationalstaatsgrundung 1871’, in K. Amann and K. Wagner (eds), Literatur und Nation: Die Grundung des Deutschen Reiches 1871 in der deutschsprachigen Literatur (Wien 1996), pp. 79–92.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Fritz Franz, ‘Einwanderer ohne Einwanderungsland’, Kursbuch 62 (1980), pp. 159–71, here p. 171.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Karl Markus Michel, ‘Riickkehr zur Fassade, Kursbuch 89 (1987), pp. 125–143, here p. 125.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Reinhard Kuhnl, ‘Ein neues Nationalbewatsein in der Bundesrepublik’, Blätter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 3 (1986), pp. 306–16, here p. 307.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Hans Mommsen, ‘Ostpolitik als Deutschlandpolitik?’, Kursbucli 81 (1985), pp. 165–73, here p. 170.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    Anon., ‘Eine andere Republik’, Blätter flir deutsche und internationale Politik 4 (1987), pp. 465–8, here p. 466.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Anon., ‘1+1=1: Deutsche Arithmetik’, Blatter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 3 (1990), pp. 391–5, here p. 394.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    Otto Kahlscheuer, ‘Volkspartei und Volksgeist: Notizen zum intellektuellen Wahlkampf, Blatter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 3 (1990), pp. 367–73, here p. 370.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    Michael Charlier, ‘Zwischen Abschied und Neuanfang’, Blatter fi’ir deutsche und internationale Politik 3 (1990), pp. 395–98, here p. 398.Google Scholar
  11. 14.
    Thomas Schmid, ‘Ein Staat, zwei Gesellschaften oder: Pladoyer wider die Selbstaufgabe der Bundesrepublik’, Blatter für deutsche und internationale Politik 10 (1990), pp. 1182–9, here p. 1186.Google Scholar
  12. 15.
    Karl H. Bredthauer, ‘Deutschland begrunden: Auf der Suche nach vernunftigeren und menschlicheren Einigungsformeln’, Blätter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 4 (1993), pp. 392–6, here p. 393.Google Scholar
  13. 16.
    Karl H. Bredthauer, ‘Land ohne Opposition? Politik im neuen Deutschland’, Blatter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 5 (1991), pp. 537–46, here p. 539.Google Scholar
  14. 17.
    Michael Charlier, ‘Deutschland, schwierig Vaterland’, Blktter fiir deutsche und internationale Politik 2 (1990), pp. 179–87, here p. 183.Google Scholar
  15. 19.
    Hans Magnus Enzensberger, ‘Gangarten: Ein Nachtrag zur Utopie’, Kursbuch 100 (1990), pp. 1–10. As Stephen Brockmann makes dear in his essay in this volume, Nietzsche had commented just as promptly on the smug materialism that accompanied the foundation of the Reich in 1871. Whereas Nietzsche s tone was one of righteous anger, however, Enzensberger clearly felt that ironic acceptance was the more appropriate response under present conditions. The narrowing of the generally acceptable range of rhetoric and emotion, effectively excluding pathos, is one of the most striking differences in attitudes to the first and second unifications.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Richard Schwartz, ‘Die Deutschstunde’, Kursbuch 100 (1990), pp. 11–21.Google Scholar
  17. 21.
    Jurgen Busche, ‘Des Deutschen Vaterland’, Kursbuch 104 (1991), pp. 101–12, here p. 111.Google Scholar
  18. 22.
    Hans Magnus Enzensberger, ‘Ach, Deutschland! Eine patriotische Kleinigkeit’, Kursbuch 141 (2000), pp. 1–4, here p. 4.Google Scholar
  19. 23.
    Thomas Oberender, ‘Vom “D” zum “de°’, Kursbuch 141 (2000), pp. 91–7.Google Scholar
  20. 24.
    Regina Monch, ‘Wunderbare Jahre’, Kursbuch 141 (2000), pp. 98–104, here p. 99.Google Scholar
  21. 25.
    Claus Leggewie, ‘Reich werden oder Bund bleiben? Eine Begegnung mit Herrn Metternich’, Kursbuch 100 (1990), pp. 23–34, here p. 25.Google Scholar
  22. 26.
    Friedrich Dieckmann, ‘Die vergessene Weiche: Berliner Notizeri, Sinn end Form 2 (1993), pp. 360–3, here p. 360. He does not mention that the volume included the three former GDR authors, Hans Joachim Schadlich, Monika Maron and Bernd Wagner. The issue in question is entitled ‘Deutschland, Deutschland’, Kursbuch 109 (1992).Google Scholar
  23. 27.
    For a discussion of these debates, see Stephen Parker, ‘The Politics of Culture in German Unification: The Case of the Berlin Academies of Arts’, German Monitor 50 (2000), pp. 101–11.Google Scholar
  24. 28.
    Stephen Parker, ‘Sinn und Form unter Wilhelm Girnus’, Sinn und Form 1 (1999), pp. 87–106.Google Scholar
  25. 29.
    Dagmar Just, ‘Rundgang am Rande’, Sinn und Form 1 (1991), pp. 197–204; Volker Klotz, ‘Was war anders, besser? Ruckblick auf Eigenarten der DDR-Kultur’, Sinn und Form 2 (1991), pp. 322–32.Google Scholar
  26. 30.
    Heiner Muller, ‘Was wird aus dem groQeren Deutschland? Fragen von Alexander Weigel’, Sinn und Form 4 (1991), pp. 666–9; here p. 667. See also Walter Jens, ‘Pladoyer gegen die Preisgabe’, Sinn und Form 5 (1990), pp. 859–67.Google Scholar
  27. 31.
    Jorg Lau, ‘Unsere Presse: Literarischer Osten: Die Bestellten und nicht Abgeholten’, Merkur, 4 (1994), pp. 364–9, here p. 367.Google Scholar
  28. 32.
    Kurt H. Biedenkopf, ‘Kurt H. Biedenkopf zu Gast bei Christa Wolf: Soziale Marktwirtschaft, Kultur und Utopie’, Sinn end Form 6 (1990), pp. 1037–57.Google Scholar
  29. 33.
    Michael Braun, ‘Die unvollendete Geschichte des Geistes: Funfzig Jahre Sinn end Form: Ein Zeitalter wird besichtigt’, Freitag, 30 July 1999.Google Scholar
  30. 34.
    Friedrich Dieckmann, ‘Junger lesen oder Die Schwierigkeit zu erberi, Sinn und Form 3 (1993), pp. 518–42, here p. 519.Google Scholar
  31. 36.
    Stephen Parker argues that the transition has been successful: ‘After the turbulent early nineties, this publication is assuming an all-German stance appropriate to its role as the Academy’s journal’; see Stephen Parker, ‘Reestablishing an all-German identity. Sinn und Form and German unificatiori, in O. Durrani et al. (eds), The New Germany: Literature and Sociehj after Unification (Sheffield 1995), pp. 14–37, here p. 14.Google Scholar
  32. 37.
    Gustav Seibt, ‘Das Prinzip Abstand: Fiinfzig Jahre Sinn und Form’, Sinn und Form 2 (1999), pp. 205–18; here p. 215.Google Scholar
  33. 38.
    See Basil Kerski, ‘Gespräch mit Sebastian Kleinschmidt: Aus AnlaB des 60. Jahrestages von Sinn und Form’, Sinn und Form 1 (1999), pp. 63–72; here p. 71.Google Scholar
  34. 39.
    Ibid., p. 72.Google Scholar
  35. 40.
    Bernhard Giessen, Intellectuals and the German Nation: Collective Identity in an Axial Age (Cambridge 1998), p. 162.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karoline von Oppen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations