The Schengen Agreement, named after the Luxembourg village where it was signed, was enacted in 1985 and assured the free circulation of goods and persons within the European Economic Community, now the European Union (EU). The Dublin Convention of 1990 supplemented the Schengen Agreement. It clarified which EU country is responsible for handling requests for asylum and refugee status, and was also designed to curtail people from “shopping around” in Europe for the best refugee “deal” (Vianna (1996), Birchard (1997)).
KeywordsMigration Income Assimilation Beach Pyramid
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