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Abstract

The events of 11 September 2001 (hereafter 9/11) intensified debates about the UK’s role in global politics. To what extent had UK foreign policy helped shape a world order that could produce such acts of terrorism? How closely should the UK align itself with the US in their aftermath? What roles should the UK play on the world stage and what values should guide it? What and who was UK foreign policy for? This study aims to contribute to these debates by offering a critical analysis of the foreign policies pursued by Tony Blair’s Labour government during its first two terms in office between May 1997 and May 2005.

Keywords

European Union Foreign Policy International Criminal Court World Order North Atlantic Treaty Organisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Tony Blair, ‘The principles of a modern British foreign policy’, speech to the Lord Mayor’s banquet, London, 10 Nov. 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    John Kampfner, Robin Cook (London: Phoenix, 1999), p. 129.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See generally, Miles Kahler (ed.), Liberalization and Foreign Policy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997). On the Conservative’s foreign policy see Malcolm Rifkind, ‘Revisiting the ethical foreign policy’ (London: Foreign Policy Centre, 22 April 2004).Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    For example, Richard Cornwell, ‘When high principles run headlong into hard reality’, Independent, 16 Sept. 1999 and Robin Harris, ‘Blair’s “ethical” foreign policy’, The National Interest, 63 (2001), pp. 25–36.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Cited in James Naughtie, The Accidental American (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 62.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    Brian Barder, ‘Britain: still looking for that role?’, Political Quarterly, 72: 3 (2001), pp. 366–74.Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    See Peter Mangold, Success and Failure in British Foreign Policy: Evaluating the Record, 1900–2000 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001).Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    For example, Tim Dunne, “When the shooting starts”: Atlanticism in British security strategy’, International Affairs, 80: 5 (2004), pp. 893–909.Google Scholar
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    The main exceptions were Nicholas J. Wheeler and Tim Dunne, ‘Good international citizenship: a third way for British foreign policy’, International Affairs, 74: 4 (1998), pp. 847–70 and to a lesser extent Mervyn Frost, ‘Putting the world to rights: Britain’s ethical foreign policy’, Cambridge Review of International A ffairs, 12: 2 (1999), pp. 80–9.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    See Mark Curtis, The Great Deception: Anglo-American Power and World Order (London: Pluto Press, 1998); The Web of Deceit: Britains Real Role in the World (London: Vintage, 2003); ‘Britain’s real foreign policy and the failure of British academia’, International Relations, 18: 3 (2004), pp. 275–87. Variations on this perspective include Eric Herring, ‘Response to Mervyn Frost: the systematic violation of ethical norms in British foreign policy’, Cambridge Review of lnternational Affairs, 12: 2 (1999), pp. 90–2; and John Pilger, Hidden Agendas (London: Vintage, 1999), esp. pp. 1–152 and The New Rulers of the World (London: Verso, 2002).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Walter Carlsnaes, ‘Foreign policy’ in Walter Carlsnaes Thomas Risse, Beth A. Simmons (eds), Handbook of lntemational Relations (London: Sage, 2002), p. 335.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Christopher Hill, The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy (London: Palgrave, 2003), p. 3.Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    Colin Hay, Political Analysis (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002), pp. 251–60.Google Scholar
  14. 24.
    See Max Horkheimer, ‘Traditional and critical theory’ in Critical Theory: Selected Essays, translated by Matthew J. O’Connell and others (New York: Seabury Press, 1972), pp. 188–252.Google Scholar
  15. 25.
    Tony Blair, ‘Let us reorder this world around us’, speech to the Labour party conference, Brighton, 2 Oct. 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paul D. Williams 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul D. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BirminghamUK

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