The linear comparative scales constructed in the Euromosaic study provided clusters of cases which constitute different discursive formations with quite different meanings of ‘language’ and the related speakers as individual and collective subjects (see Appendix). How the state is constituted as the effects of discourse plays a dominant role in determining these meaning, relating to how universalism and particularism were different foundations of eighteenth-century state formation. The meaning of a particular language object is constructed differently by reference to ‘education’ for example, than it is by reference to ‘family’. We again encounter the demos/ethnos dimension. Each context constructs the ‘language’ object by reference to the associated activity, and also constructs the subject position of ‘speaker’. Institutionalisation is conditioned by this process of subject/object construction for each context.
KeywordsLabour Market Civil Society Language Group Minority Language State Language
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