Reproduction: Family, Community and Household Media Use
Civil society can refer to sociopolitical institutions, including the rule of law, limited and accountable public authority, economic markets, social pluralism and a public sphere. Others limit it to ‘non-governmental civil society’, or even to associations and the public sphere. Whatever the conception, the family and the community both belong to the ‘public sphere’. The meta-narrative of liberal democracy sees civil society as having a relative autonomy from the state, a moral conscience that resists the progress of an authoritarian state. Alexander (1998:97) refers to civil society as ‘a sphere of solidarity in which abstract universalism and particularist visions of community are tensely intertwined. It is both a normative and a real concept’. Modernism counterposes rationality and emotion, and democracy constructs the state as the rational basis for eliminating the remnants of feudalism, leaving a danger that civil society is constructed as the domain of the emotional.
KeywordsMigration Europe Income Assimilation Turkey
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