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The Canadian Context

  • Kurt Wetzel

Abstract

Canada has a population of some 32 million people, spread unevenly over nearly ten million square kilometres. In 2001, the country spent approximately C$89.5 billion on the provision of health services, or roughly C$2,982 per capita.1 Approximately 73 percent of this amount was publicly funded by the federal and provincial/territorial governments, while 27 percent came directly from individuals receiving specific services.

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Notes

  1. Robert G. Evans, “Raising the Money: Options, Consequences, and Objectives for Financing Health Care in Canada,” discussion paper #27, prepared for the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, October 2002, p. v.Google Scholar
  2. Canada, Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, Building on Values: The Future of Health Care in Canada – Final Report (Ottawa), 2002.Google Scholar
  3. Gene Swimmer, ed., Public-Sector Labour Relations in an Era of Restraint and Restructuring (Toronto: Oxford University Press), 2001.Google Scholar
  4. Alasdair Roberts, “Altered States: Public Sector Restructuring and Governmental Capacity,” in Richard P. Chaykowski, ed., Globalization and the Canadian Economy: The Implications for Labour Markets, Society and the State (Kingston, Ontario: School of Policy Studies), 2001, pp. 105–30.Google Scholar
  5. Peter Warrian, Bargain Hard: Transforming Public Sector Labour-Management Relations (Toronto: McGilligan Books), 1996.Google Scholar
  6. Leo Panich and Donald Swartz, The Assault on Trade Union Freedoms: From Wage Controls to Social Contract (Toronto: Garamond Press), 1993.Google Scholar
  7. Gene Swimmer and Tim Bartkiw, “The Future of Public Sector Collective Bargaining in Canada,” Journal of Labor Research 24 (Fall 2003): 579–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Yonatan Reshef and Sandra Rastin, Unions in the Time of Revolution: Government Restructuring in Alberta and Ontario (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 2003.Google Scholar
  9. Mark Thompson, “Public Sector Industrial Relations in Canada: Adaptation to Change,” paper presented to the 11th Congress of Industrial Relations, Bologna, Italy, 22–26 September 1998.Google Scholar

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© Kurt Wetzel 2005

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  • Kurt Wetzel

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