The Marxist theory of the state involves economic determination as its principle of explanation. This is a version of a ‘society-centred’ view of the state that places emphasis on external (located in society) causal influences. Of course, Marxism is not the only version of a society-centred theory as other traditions in state theory, notably pluralism, share this approach.1 All such theories utilise a conception of the state as institutionally differentiated from ‘civil society’. The distinctiveness of Marxism derives from the emphasis it places on causal influences rooted in the nature of the economic structure, coupled with its distinctive characterisation of capitalist relations of production.
KeywordsAccumulation Strategy Ruling Class Power Resource Dominant Class Political Struggle
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