Test Takers

  • Cyril J. Weir
Part of the Research and Practice in Applied Linguistics book series (RPAL)


The test taker box in the frameworks above is directly connected to the theory-based validity box because these individual characteristics will directly impact on the way individuals process the test task set up by the context validity box. Obviously, the tasks themselves will also be constructed with the overall test population and the target use situation clearly in mind as well as with concern for their theory-based validity.


Test Taker Test Task Test Bias Field Independence Schema Quote 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further reading

  1. Angoff (1989) deals with investigation for context bias in TOEFL.Google Scholar
  2. Berry (1993) looked at personality characteristics as a potential source of test bias.Google Scholar
  3. Chapelle (1988) looks at field independence as source of variation in test performance.Google Scholar
  4. Chihara et al. (1989) deal with background and culture in EFL reading comprehension.Google Scholar
  5. Clapham (1996) deals with effects of background knowledge on reading test performance.Google Scholar
  6. Green (2003) surveys background variables and their effect on performance in IELTS.Google Scholar
  7. Kunnan (1995) looks at test taker characteristics and effects on performance.Google Scholar
  8. Ryan and Bachman (1992) use DIF to investigate bias in proficiency tests.Google Scholar
  9. Swinton and Powers (1980) look at the effect of LI on performance.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cyril J. Weir 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cyril J. Weir
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Testing, Evaluation and Curriculum (CRTEC)Roehampton UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations