Molotov pp 24-40 | Cite as

Forging the Bolshevik Regime

  • Derek Watson
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History and Society book series


In February 1917 there was a wave of mass strikes in Petrograd, partly politically inspired but mostly a response to food shortages and inflation caused by the war. These led to riots and civil disorder, which the Petrograd garrison refused to repress, and the Tsarist regime collapsed. In this chaotic situation, the task of the Russian Bureau, the senior Bolshevik body in Russia, was rendered more complex by the existence of the Sormovo-Nikolaev Zemlyachestvo (association/friendly society), which was particularly influential in the Vyborg. The Zemlyachestvo, a tightly knit group of about fifty of the most devoted and experienced Russian revolutionaries, had considerable influence through the workers’ circles they ran in factories. Shlyapnikov and his associates could not issue orders to this body, and the relationship of the Russian Bureau to the Zemlyachestvo was further complicated because meetings of the Bureau and the Bolshevik Party took place in the apartments of Zemlyachestvo members.


Executive Committee Central Committee Party Committee Party Official Local Party 
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Copyright information

© Derek Watson 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Watson
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Russian and East European StudiesThe University of BirminghamUK

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