The Ethics of Prayer



Absent the possibility of wrong-doing, intentional harm, or evil, there would be no need for ethics, but given the world we inhabit, a place besieged by massive human destructiveness, evil is all too real and the need for ethics is keen. As one considers ethics during and after the Holocaust, it is important to see that the evil experienced by human beings requires at least two intermingling conditions. First, something must happen, for evil is scarcely possible without activity. Second, feeling, remembering, and reasoning loom large. No feeling implies no pain or suffering. No remembering entails no continuity of experience. No reasoning means no concepts, no distinctions between right and wrong. Without those ingredients, evil goes missing from human experience.


Jewish Identity Holocaust Survivor Intentional Harm Genocidal Inten Divine Justice 
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© John K. Roth 2005

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