Political Credibility

  • Gino G. Raymond
Part of the French Politics, Society and Culture Series book series (FPSC)

Abstract

The argument that modern French communism is a child of the Resistance1 encapsulates the source of much of the credibility which enabled it to become such a formidable political force during the three decades following World War II, but it is also reminiscent of the fact that contingent factors influenced the fortunes of the party, sometimes for the worst, before the war, and that contingent factors militated against its success at the end of the twentieth century (as they militated against the success of that other child of the Resistance, the Gaullist party).

Keywords

Economic Crisis Europe Income Turkey Dura 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    R. W. Johnson, The Long March of the French Left (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1981), p. 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    These figures are from J. Fauvet, Histoire du parti communiste français, vol. I, De la Guerre à la Guerre: 1917–1939 (Paris: Fayard, 1964) and refer to party cards placed with members rather than the larger numbers conveyed to party secretaries.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    The very apt expression used by D. Borne and H. Dubeif, La Crise des années 30 (Paris: Seuil, 1989), p. 127.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See, for example, R. Bordier, ’36, la fête (Paris: Messidor, 1985).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Jackson, The Popular Front in France Defending Democracy, 1934–38 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), p. 277.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Fejtö, The French Communist Party and the Crisis of International Communism (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1967), p. 18.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    J. Fauvet, Histoire du parti communiste français, vol. II: Vingt-cinq ans de drame (Paris: Fayard, 1965), p. 86.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    R. Tiersky, French Communism, 1920–1972 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974), p. 114.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    J.-Y. Boursier, La Politique du PCF 1939–1945 (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1992), pp. 209–10.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    See A. J. Rieber, Stalin and the French Communist Party 1941–1947 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    See A. Dansette, Histoire de la libération de Paris (Paris: Plon, 1994).Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    D. Pickles, French Politics: The First Years of the Fourth Republic (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1953), p. 270.Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    M. Thorez, Fils du peuple, in Oeuvres Choisies, vol. II (Paris: Editions Sociales, 1966), pp. 488–9.Google Scholar
  14. 17.
    G. Wright, The Reshaping of French Democracy (New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1948), pp. 38–40.Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    W. Bedell Smith, Trois années à Moscou (Paris: Plon, 1950), p. 198.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gino G. Raymond 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gino G. Raymond
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BristolEngland

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