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Abstract

A formidable body of research exists on the Parti communiste français (PCF), comprising distinguished narratives in English and French charting its highs and lows during most of the twentieth century.1 Other studies have traced the way its fortunes have been crucially tied to those of its ideological mentor,2 together with enduringly valuable studies exploring the culture that enabled it to survive for so long as a counter-community and assume the role of a tribune party.3

Keywords

Parti Socialiste Official Candidate Divided Loyalty Ideological Conviction European Union Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    In French, for example, J. Fauvet, Histoire du parti communiste français (Paris: Fayard, 1964–65) andGoogle Scholar
  2. P. Robrieux, Histoire intérieure du parti communiste (Paris: Fayard, 1980–84). In English,Google Scholar
  3. M. Adereth, The French Communist Party: A Critical History, 1920–1984 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    See F. Fejtö, The French Communist Party and the Crisis of International Communism (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1967).Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Most notably A. Kriegel, The French Communists. Profile of a People (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    D. S. Bell and B. Criddle, The French Communist Party in the Fifth Republic (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    From the decade when the leadership began to lose control of dissent within the party, see H. Fizsbin, Les bouches s’ouvrent (Paris: Grasset, 1980),Google Scholar
  8. P. Juquin, Fraternellement libre (Paris: Grasset, 1988).Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    A. Spire (ed.), La Culture des camarades (Paris: Autrement, 1992).Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    Robert Hue has been painstaking in his attempts to do this in, for example, Communisme: La mutation and Communisme: le nouveau projet (Paris: Stock, 1995 and 1999).Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    M. Lazar, Le Communisme: Une passion française (Paris: Perrin, 2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gino G. Raymond 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gino G. Raymond
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BristolEngland

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