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The United Nations Secretary-General Investigations in Iran and Iraq

  • Graham S. Pearson
Part of the Global Issues Series book series (GLOISS)

Abstract

This chapter examines the events during the 1980s starting with the tension between Iran and Iraq, which developed into war from 1980 to 1988, during which the United Nations Secretary-General sent a number of specialist missions to investigate the allegations made primarily by Iran and also by Iraq that chemical weapons had been used in the conflict.

Keywords

Security Council Nerve Agent Cyanic Acid Mass Destruction Chemical Weapon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See, for example, United Nations Security Council, Letter dated 11 July 1969 from the representative of Iraq to the President of the Security Council concerning relations between Iraq and Iran, S/9323, 11 July 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
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  3. 3.
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  4. 5.
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  5. 6.
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  7. 8.
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    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/18852, 8 May 1987.Google Scholar
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    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/19823, 25 April 1988.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20060, 20 July 1988.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20063, 25 July 1988.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20134, 19 August 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
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  15. 16.
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  16. 17.
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  17. 18.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 540 (1983) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2493rd meeting, on 31 October 1983, S/RES/540 (1983), 31 October 1983.Google Scholar
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    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Specialists Appointed by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations by the Islamic Republic of Iran Concerning the Use of Chemical Weapons, S/16433, 26 March 1984.Google Scholar
  19. 20.
    United Nations Security Council, Note by the President of the Security Council, S/16454, 30 March 1984.Google Scholar
  20. 21.
    United Nations Security Council, Letter dated 17 April 1985 from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council, S/17127 and S/17127/Add. 1, 17 April 1985 and 30 April 1985.Google Scholar
  21. 22.
    United Nations Security Council, Note by the President of the Security Council, S/17130, 25 April 1985.Google Scholar
  22. 23.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 582 (1986) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2666th meeting, on 24 February 1986, S/RES/522 (1986), 24 February 1986.Google Scholar
  23. 24.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Despatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/17911, 12 March 1986.Google Scholar
  24. 25.
    United Nations Security Council, Note by the President of the Security Council, S/17932, 21 March 1986.Google Scholar
  25. 26.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 588 (1986) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2713th meeting, on 8 October 1986, S/RES/588 (1986), 4 October 1986.Google Scholar
  26. 27.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/18852, 8 May 1987.Google Scholar
  27. 28.
    United Nations Security Council, Note by the President of the Security Council, S/18863, 14 May 1987.Google Scholar
  28. 29.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 598 (1987) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2750th meeting, on 20 July 1987, S/RES/598 (1987), 20 July 1987.Google Scholar
  29. 30.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/19823, 25 April 1988.Google Scholar
  30. 31.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 612 (1988) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2812th meeting, on 9 May 1988, S/RES/612 (1988), 9 May 1988.Google Scholar
  31. 32.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20060, 20 July 1988.Google Scholar
  32. 33.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20063, 25 July 1988.Google Scholar
  33. 34.
    United Nations Security Council, Report of the Mission Dispatched by the Secretary-General to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Conflict Between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq, S/20134, 19 August 1988.Google Scholar
  34. 35.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 620 (1988) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2825th meeting, on 26 August 1988, S/RES/620 (1988), 26 August 1988.Google Scholar
  35. 36.
    United Nations Security Council, Resolution 620 (1988) Adopted by the Security Council at its 2825th meeting, on 26 August 1988, S/RES/620 (1988), 26 August 1988.Google Scholar
  36. 38.
    United Nations Security Council, Note by the Secretary-General, S/2004/693, 27 August 2004. However, this report states that these numbers do not include tens of thousands of mortar bombs filled with riot-control agents and smoke munitions.Google Scholar
  37. 39.
    Considerable insight into the conduct of these investigations is available from per-sonal accounts in Peter Dunn, Chemical Aspects of the Gulf war 1984–1987 Investigations by the United Nations, Materials Research Laboratories, 30 November 1987. Modified versions of the 1984 and 1986 personal accounts were published in Peter Dunn, The Chemical War: Journey to Iran, NBC Defense & Technology International, Vol. 1, No. 1, April 1986, pp. 28–35 and Peter Dunn, The Chemical War: Iran Revisited —1986, NBC Defense & Technology International, Vol. 1, No. 3, June 1986, pp. 32–9 respectively.Google Scholar
  38. 41.
    United Nations General Assembly, Resolution A/Res/42/37 Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons C Measures to Uphold the Authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol and to Support the Conclusion of a Chemical Weapons Convention, A/Res/42/37 C, 30 November 1987.Google Scholar
  39. 42.
    United Nations General Assembly, Chemical and (Bacteriological) Biological Weapons, Report by Secretary-General, A/44/561, 4 October 1989.Google Scholar
  40. 43.
    United Nations General Assembly, Resolution A/Res/45/57 Chemical and Bacteriological (Biological) Weapons C Measures to Uphold the Authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, A/Res/45/57 C, 4 December 1990.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Graham S. Pearson 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham S. Pearson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BradfordUK

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